Tuesday, October 25, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

Surain Singh, Bhai
One of the Nankana Sahib Martyrs (1898-1921)

Was born on 1 April 1898, the son of Bhai Mit Singh and Mai Chand Kaur of Chakk No. 38 Nizampur Deva Singhvala in Sheikhupura district (now in Pakistan). He read Urdu at the village primary school. He learnt Gurmukhi on his own and went through the vows of the Khalsa. As the movement for the reformation of Sikh shrines got under way, he found himself in the thick of it. During the Dharovali conference (1-3 October 1920), he collected rations for it and served in the Guru ka Langar. He participated in the liberation of Gurdwara Khara Sauda, Chuharkana (30 December 1920) and also offered himself as a volunteer for the demolished Gurdwara wall in Delhi. On 19 February 1921, he joined the jatha led by Bhai Lachhman Singh of Dharovali and fell a martyr in the firing on it the next morning. He was survived by his mother, wife and a two year old daughter. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, besides paying off the family's debt of Rs 410, paid it a pension at Rs 150 per annum.

Source: TheSikhEncyclopedia.Com

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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