Friday, October 21, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

Edwardes, Sir Herbert Benjamin
Soldier, Writer and Statesman (1819-1868)

Son of the Rev. B. Edwardes, was born on 12 November 1819. He joined the Bengal infantry as a cadet in 1841, and served as Urdu, Hindi and Persian interpreter to his regiment. He was aide-de-camp to Lord Hugh Gough during the first Anglo-Sikh war and was, in 1847, appointed assistant to Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence, British Resident at the Sikh capital, who sent him to effect the settlement of Bannu, the account of which is given in his work, A Year on. the Punjab Frontier in 1848-49, London, .1851.

Upon the murder of Vans Agnew and Anderson at Multan and the rebellion of Diwan Mul Raj in April 1848, Edwardes collected a force of tribesmen and, with the aid of Nawab of Bahawalpur and Colonel Van Cortlandt of the Sikh service, attacked Mul Raj and his supporters, defeating them at Kineri on 18 June and gaining another victory over them at Saddosain on 2 July. Edwardes opened negotiations with Mul Raj and, at the same time, frantically sought from the Resident at Lahore a few heavy guns, a mortar battery, and sappers and miners.

The Multan affair was a local incident which the Governor-General Lord Dalhousie seemed determined to enlarge into a Sikh national uprising to have an excuse to invade the Punjab. He was critical of the conduct of Edwardes and wrote to the Resident at Lahore saying that he altogether disapproved of army officers such as Lieut. Edwardes taking upon themselves to volunteer negotiations on a subject of such critical importance without authority from their superiors.

Edwardes served as commissioner of Peshawar (1853-59) and commissioner of Ambala (1862-65). He died in London on 23 December 1868.

Source: TheSikhEncyclopedia.Com will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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