Sunday, September 25, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

Gurdwara Ghai Ghat -Patna, Bihar


gaughatthingThis was Bhagat Jaitamal's house. This place is situated in Alamganj Mohalla. It was sanctified first by Guru Nanak in 1509 A.D. and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666 A. D. Bhagat Jaitamal, a devotee of Guru Nanak was fortunate to get the blessings of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed for about four months here and made this place very popular among the followers of Guru Nanak's faith. Ghanshyam, the great grand son of Adhrakha, the fourth successor of Salis Rai Johri's Sangat (now the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh ji) was also fortunate to get blessings from the ninth successor of Guru Nanak, as it was assured by Guru Nanak during his visit to this place.
It is about 4 kilometers from Harimandir Saheb, on the Ashok Raj Path. The following things are preserved here.
1.Rabeck of Mardana

2.Grind stone (Chakki) of Mata Gujri

3.Tree, where Guru Tegh Bahadur tied his horse.

4.Thara Saheb, a place where Guru Tegh Bahadur used to sit.

Gurudwara Rajgir, Sonartoli, Barh, Bakhtiarpur and Bihar Sharif Old Sangats are also under the management of Sri Takhat Harimandirji.

Guru Gobind Singh was a great leader of mankind, a prince among sears, national stalwart, not only a great writer but also a distinguished philosopher. Guru ji combined in himself the irrepressible spirit of patriotism and a unique organizing capacity, marked revolutionary idealism and dauntless intrepidity.

Gurdwara Pahila Bara - commonly known as Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, is dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev, who during his visit to Patna stayed here with Bhai Jaita, a pious man, confectioner by trade, who became the Guru's follower and later converted his house into a dharmsal. The congregation that gathered here came to be called Bari Sangat or Gae Ghat Sangat. Later Salas Rai, a wealthy jeweler, became a convert and took the Guru to his own place where, too, a small community of Sikh believers was formed into what was known as Chhoti Sangat. A new building comprising a spacious square hall with the sanctum in the middle was constructed during the 1980s. Two relics are preserved here - a rebeck claimed to be once Bhai Mardana' and a stone called Mata Gujari's grindstone.


Gurudwara Ghai Ghat, on the banks of the River Ganga, is thrice blessed as it houses their sacred relics.

Located at the confluence of the Ganga, the Sone, the Punpun and the Gandak - Patna is the largest riverine city in the world.

Indeed! An ancient pilgrimage center, held in reverence for centuries.

What Mecca is to Muslims - Patna is to Sikhs.

On the banks of the River Ganga, once the house of Bhai Jaitamal, the First Master, Guru Nanak Dev in 1509 A.D, sanctified Gurudwara Ghai Ghat.

Bhai Jaitamal, a man of great piety was 350 years old when he requested the Guru to secure his soul. Guru Nanak counselled patience and adviced him to wait till the ninth Master blessed him. Jaitamal was much old for bathing in the River Ganga, but with the blessings of Guru Nanak he could.

"Bhai Jaitamal prayed to the Guru to give him strength to bathe in the river ganga. Guruji told Jaitamal that he need not go to the river; the river would come to him. Guru Nanak converted the river Ganga to a cow. The spot is still there where Bhai Jaitamal used to bathe," Avtar Singh, the priest of Gurudwara Ghai Ghat.

In 1666, the ninth Master, Guru Tegh Bahadur blessed Bhai Jaitamal. The guru, along with his family stayed in Patna for four months and made the place popular among the followers of Guru Nanak.

The gurudwara preserves many sacred relics such as the bed, a grindstone of Mata Gujri, the musical instrument, Rebeck of Bhai Mardana, the window of the house of Bhai Jaitamal and Thara Sahib where Guru Tegh Bahadur sat.

Devotees offer chola or clothes at Tham Sahib, the wooden pillars. It is believed that an unequal pair of wood was brought for the construction, which was later corrected by the Guru Tegh Bahudar. Since then, devotees pay obeisance to the pillars.

"If someone finds it difficult to marry or secure a job, his wishes are fulfilled. An offering of Chola (a piece of cloth) is made to the Tham Sahib. Hindus, Muslims and people of all religions come here and each has his wish fulfilled," said a devotee.

Sprawled on the southern banks of the River Ganges, Patna offers visitors a fascinating tale of history.

The ancient land of the Buddha, the founder of the Buddhist religion, it is also the birthplace of Sri Gobind Singh, the tenth and last Sikh guru.

Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, was Bhagat Jaitamal's house. Situated in Alamganj Mohalla. It was sanctified first by Guru Nanak in 1509 A.D. and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666 A. D.

Bhagat Jaitamal, a devotee of Guru Nanak was fortunate to get the blessings of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed for about four months here and made this place very popular among the followers of Guru Nanak's faith.

Bihar has a number of Gurudwaras and some of the most popular ones include: Harmandir Sahib -- Patna, Guru ka Bagh -- Patna Gurudwara Ghai Ghat --Patna, Gurudwara Handi Sahib --Patna, Gurudwara Gobind Ghat - Patna, Gurudwara Bal Lila Maini, Gurudwara Taksali Sangat--Sasaram, Gurudwara Guru Bagh-- Sasaram Gurudwara Chacha Phaggu Mal-- Sasaram Gurudwara Pakki Sangat -Monghyr, Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji--Gaya Gurudwara Bari Sangat Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji Chauki--Bhagalpur and Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur--Lakshmipur. r

Thamm Sahib

thammsaabThumm Sahib are the historical pillars in Gurudwara Gau Ghat, After last ritual of Bhagat Jetamal Ji, Shri Guru Teg Bahadur ji started to rebuild that old house. When house was being constructed. King Aurangzaib ordered King Bishan Singh to leave for the Asaam. King Bishan Singh sought Guru Teg Bahadur Ji’s help. King Bishan Singh requested Guru Teg Bahadur Ji to go to Asaam with him. King Bishan Sigh said I need your help. You are the possessor of Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s throne. Guru Ji accepted his request and said after completion of this house I would accompany you. Guru Ji asked labors to construct the house as early as possible. Guru Ji said I have to go Asaam with King Bishan Singh. He needs my help. Labors replied Guru ji the thumbs you had brought to fix below the roof are short, arrange us another long thumbs so that we could complete the construction in time.

Next day Guru Ji said to the labors that Tumbs are not short. When labors tried to fix the thumb then thumbs turned long and when put again on the earth thumbs became short. Labors were amazed to see that. Guru Ji asked the labors to leave that construction incomplete and said that a time would come when Sikh Sangat would itself complete this construction. Now these thumbs would be known as Thumb Saheb. If a person with complete faith embrace these thumbs then his wish will be fulfilled. Incurable people will be cured and the mothers who don’t have child, their desire will be fulfilled. Saying that Guru ji left for the Asaam with King Bishan Singh.

 

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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