Saturday, December 10, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

 

Gurudwara Patti Sahib

Gurdwara Patti Sahib, also called Gurudwara Maulvi Patti, lies midway between Gurudwara Janam Asthan and Gurudwara Bal Lila. It is along the road leading from Janam Asthan to the railway station. Patti means a wooden tablet on which young scholars practise writing. Hence the name of the shrine which represents the village school attended by Guru Nanak Dev. It is also said that young Nanak surprised his teacher by composing and reciting an acrostic, called patti, and that is why the shrine is called Patti Sahib or Maulvi Patti. The Gurudwara consists only of the sanctum in a small square domed room This Gurudwara is close to the Gurudwara Bal Lilah. Later on, he was sent to Pandit Brij Lal for learning Sanskrit. The place where education was important to Guru Nanak is known as Gurudwara Patti Sahib.  This Gurdwara is close to the gurdwara Bal Lilah. At this site, Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to learn Devnagri. Later on, he was sent to Pandit Brij Lal for learning Sanskrit. At the age of 13, the Guru was sent to Maulvi Kutab-Ud-Din of Talwandi to learn Persian. But the wisdom and the spiritual enlightment of the Guru Nanak Dev urged all three of them to make obeiance before the Guru's clear expressions of truth and wisdom. Guru Nanak while criticising the prevalent education system, enlightened them with the actual pupose of learning. He gave new meaning to each and every word. The Maulvis and the Pandits were quite ignorent about the mode of education. Guru Nanak was endowded with the wisdom from the very childhood. His composition in Sri Guru Granth Sahib known as Patti was written especially to remove the suspicious and doubts in the minds of the Pandits. The very first stanza of Patti hymn says: He who created all existence is the sole lord of all. Those who serve Him are his devotees; Fruitful is their coming into the world:

Sasei soi srisht jin saaji Sabhana sahib ek bhaeya .
Sevat rahe chit jin ka laagaa, Aaaya tin ka safal bhaeya. (p. 432)


The place where education was imparted to Guru Nanak is known as Gurdwara Patti sahib. This place is also called Gurdwara Maulvi Patti Sahib as the Guru learnt persian from one Maulvi Kutub-Ud-Din at this place. The Sikh residents of Nankana Sahib have been organising a regular citation of Sri Guru Granth Sahib at this place for the last few years. The building of this Gurdwara is vast and maintained well.

Prakash of Guru Granth Sahib takes place twice daily.

 

Acknowledgements:

Text and photographs: Gurdwara Gurdham at Pakistan, written by Roop Singh and Published by SGPC
Photographs : Kanwer Sosheel Singh  from Pakistan
Photographs: S. Rajinder Singh Narang

 

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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