Tuesday, December 06, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

 

Gurbani Raag:


Maru is an old raga seldom heard in concerts today. Some theorists equate it with Maruva or 'Marva. In the Ragmala, Maru is a putra (son) of Malkaunsa. It is found in other classifications from the 14th to the early 19th century. Maru was used by Guru Nanak, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur for 144 hymns, two vars plus a large number of slokas. One of its variations is Maru Kafi. Maru is assigned to the hours of sunset and is considered suitable for the cold season. The mood is quiet and contemplative. The tonal material given here is for Maru Bihag, Bilaval thata.

Aroh : Sa Ga Ma Pa, Dha Ni Sa

Avroh : Sa Ni Dha Pa, M'a Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa

Pakar : Pa Dha Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa ~Ma Ga, Pa Dha Pa Ga Re, Ga Re Sa

Vadi: Pa

Samvadi : Ni


Excerpts taken from Encyclopedia of Sikhism
by Harbans Singh .
Published by Punjabi University, Patiala
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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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