Wednesday, December 07, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

LUDHIANA

It is the principal town and headquarters of the district of same name. Ludhiana, is industrial metropolis of the Punjab industry. Its machine tools and motor parts are widely exported. It is the biggest center of hosiery, both cotton and woolen in the country. There are a number of gurudwaras associated with the life and visits of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Among them the gurudwaras of Charan Kanwal and Manji Sahib are important.

The district can rightly boast of its contribution in the national freedom struggle. Among the greatest patriots belonging to this region are Lala Laj Pat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh Sarabha, Sat Gur Ram Singh, Sardar Jagat Singh Binijhal, Baba Santa Singh, Bhai Bhan Singh, S. Ishar Singh and Maulana Habibur Reman.

The Christian Medical College, an Engineering College and the Punjab Agricultural University, which has ushered green revolution in Punjab, are renowned centers of education. Ludhiana holds world records in food production.

Ludhiana, the site of a great battle in the First Sikh War (1845) is now punjab's most populated metropolitan city. This city situated on the banks of the Sutlej River, was founded in 1480 by Lodhi princess from Delhi.Although Manchester has changed, but, Ludhiana still is called the Manchester of India. It is a major textile and light engineering centre. Its hosiery goods are in great demand in all the markets of the east and the west. It exports woolen garments, machine tools, dyes, cycle parts, mopeds, sewing machines and motor parts to all over the world. The famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of Ludhiana. It has a large grain market and is famous for rural Olympics. Best time to visit Ludhiana is November to Mid April.

Gurudwara Charan Kanwal:

This Gurudwara situated at Machhiwara about 35 kms. from Ludhiana marks the spot where Guru Gobind Singh ji, who was being carried by Ghani Khan and Nabi Khan as a Muslim Saint in disguise to escape the Mughal forces, had rested for a while.

Gurudwara Manji Sahib Alamgir:

The beautiful structure 10 kms. from Ludhiana is situated at the spot where Nabi Khan and Ghani Khan had finally left Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Tank near the Gurudwara commemorates the spot where Guruji had shot an arrow and the parched earth had yielded water. A fair is held here in the last week of December.

Gurudwara Nanaksar Sahib (Jagraon):

Situated near Jagraon at a distance of about 38 kms. from Ludhiana on Ferozepur Road Gurudwara founded by Baba Nand Singh, Nanaksar Sahib is a model of elegance and architecture.

An annual gathering known as ' barsi ' is a five-day function, which is concluded on a day corresponding to 13th Bhadon (August). Nearly one-lakh devotees attend it from all parts of India.

Sarai at Doraha:

This beautiful Sarai (protected monument) is situated to the south of Ludhiana-Khanna road at Doraha. The Sarai has 168 meter. Square enclosure of walls with octagonal bastions at each corner. The entrance arch of each gateway is framed with glazed tiles forming a pattern of multi-cornered stars and swastikas. Noteworthy are octagonal apertures in the ceilings for light and ventilation and a unique 'hammam system' for boiling water.

Gurudwara Shrimanji Sahib Alamgir Situated 10 Km from Ludhiana, the gurudwara commemorates the place where the Muslim devotees Nabi Khan and Ghani Khan had carried Guru Gobind Singh to safety during the battle. Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708), the last of the Sikh Gurus, transformed the pacifist Sikh sect into a martial community. He introduced rites of initiation into well-organised Sikh army known as the 'Khalsa'. There is a tank where it is believed that the Guruji had shot an arrow into the parched earth to pierce a sub-terrain stream of water. A fair is held there in every December.


Pir-I-Dastgir shrine
The fort to the north-west of Ludhiana includes the shrine of Pir-I-Dastgir, also known as Abdul Kadir Galani which draws both Hindu and Muslim pilgrims.


Phillaur Fort The fort was designed by Dewan Mohkam Chand, the brave general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It is police training center now.


Punjab Agricultural University Museum The world famous, Punjab Agriculture University founded in 1962 is situated on the outskirts of the city. It is patterned after the Land Grant College of America.


The Museum of Rural history of Punjab is on the University campus. The museum building resemble the traditional houses of rural Punjab. A 100 yard long path, flanked on both sides by water channels, leads to the finely carved doors of the museum. There are exhibits of old bronze utensils, farming equipment etc. Open from 9 am to 1.00 pm and 2 pm to 5 pm.

Christian Medical College Established in 1895, Christian Medical College was the first school of medicine in Asia. This college has a partnership with CMC in Vellore. Both these colleges together form one of the South Asia's major teaching and research hospitals.

Bilwanwali Masjid Mosque of Kamal-ud-din Khan/Sarai Doraha on the main highway, dates back to Emperor Jahangir's time. Rectangular in shape it has rooms and varandahs on all sides. Two great double storied gates are profusely decorated with coloured tiles and intricate brick carvings Bhir has the famous mosque built by Mohammad Ghori in 1911.


Famous Tombs
Mausoleum of Alawal Khan built during Shah Jehan's reign is octagonal in shape, surmounted by double pear shaped dome.
The tomb of Bahadur Khan has sloping walls
Tomb of Husain Khan is 2 storied tomb.

Ludhiana in Punjab, is Textile centre of India. It is a very rapidly growing town on the south bank of the Sutlej river. The rich agricultural area around it supports a large grain market. Hero Bicycles, the world's largest manufacturer of bicycles is based here. Christian Medical College Hospital, established in 1895, was the first school of medicine in Asia. The world famous Punjab Agricultural University is on the edge of the town. It has an excellent museum. Ludhiana accounts for 90% of the country's woolen hosiery industry.

Approach

There are many long distance direct train connections, linking Ludhiana to major centres in India. Daily bus service connect Ludhiana with Delhi and other towns in Punjab and neighbouring states.

Places of Interest

The Fort:-Fort in the north-west includes the shrine of Pir-i-Dastgir, also known as Abdul Kadir Galani. There is an annual pilgrimage of Muslims and Hindus to the Muslim Saint's tomb. There are other tombs belonging to members of Shah Shuja's family.


Tourist Information

Punjab Tourism Office, Chandigarh, Tel :- (0172)-704570.
Punjab Tourist Information Office, Youth Hostel, Amritsar.
Punjab Tourist Information Centre, Raja Sansi Airport, Amritsar.

Culture

Hindu festivals and celebrations such as Dasehara and Diwali are as enthusiastically observed as are the birth and death anniversaries of the gurus and saints. To sikh community the festival of Baisakhi, celebrated in month of April, is of special significance because on this day in 1689 Guru Govind Singh organized the Sikhs into khalsa or `pure one'. In the countryside farmers start harvesting with great jubilation. The bhangra dance is common sight in the villages. Punjabi is the main language, while Hindi and English are also commonly used.

History
It was founded in 1480 by Lodi princes from Delhi and hence it's name. It was the site of a great battle during the First Sikh War.




WorldGurudwaras.com
Worldgurudwaras.com will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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SearchGurbani.com brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one's immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.
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