The Sikh Calendar

The Sikh Calendar

Until the 13th of March, 1998, the Sikhs used a Hindu lunar calendar to determine their feast days. They now use their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March 1999 Gregorian (1 Chet 531 Nanakshahi ) and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. The era (1 Chet 1 Nanakshahi) is the date of the birth of the 1st Guru, Nanak Dev, in the Punjab in 1469. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organization states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar.

Baramaha

Baramaha is the name of composition in Sri Guru Granth Sahib which mention the twelve months (Indian names of the months) in a Calender year. Famous Baramaha composed by guru Arjan Dev Ji in Rag Majh is generally read in Gurudwaras on the day of Sangrand. Guru NanakDev Ji also composed Baramaha in Reg Tukhari.

Baramaha is a form of folk poetry in which the emotions and yearnings of the human heart are expressed in terms of changing moods of Nature over the twelve months period.

Sikh Month Begins
Chet March 14
Vaisakh April 14
Jeth May 15
Harh June 15
Sawan July 16
Bhadon August 16
 
Sikh Month Begins
Asu September 15
Katik October 15
Maghar November 14
Poh December 14
Magh January 13
Phagan February 12

Gurupurabs

The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs (festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus) except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi. Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays and are marked in bold type.

Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads (hymns). These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes. The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs) is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival. The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag). Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession. Free sweets and langar (community lunches) are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Sikhs visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) where special programmes are arranged and kirtans (religious songs) sung. Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.

Nanakshahi Calendar (Fixed dates)Gurpurabs

Calendar Year

  Gurpurb / Festival Guru Sahib / Festival Nanakshahi CE
  Parkash Utsav Guru Gobind Singh Sahib 23 Poh 5 Jan
  Parkash Utsav Guru Har Rai Sahib 19 Magh 31 Jan
  Gurgadi Guru Har Rai Sahib 1 Chet 14 Mar
  Nanakshahi New Year Nanakshahi Era 535 commences 1 Chet 14 Mar
  Hola Muhalla Hola Muhalla Nanakshahi* 1 Chet 14 Mar
  Jotijot Guru Hargobind Sahib 6 Chet 19 Mar
  Parkash Guru Nanak Sahib * 1 Vaisakh 14 Apr
  Khalsa Day - Vaisakhi Khalsa Panth Creation anniversary 1 Vaisakh 14 Apr
  Jotijot Guru Angad Sahib 3 Vaisakh 16 Apr
  Gurgadi Guru Amar Das Sahib 3 Vaisakh 16 Apr
  Jotijot Guru Harkrishan Sahib 3 Vaisakh 16 Apr
  Gurgadi Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib 3 Vaisakh 16 Apr
  Parkash Guru Angad Sahib 5 Vaisakh 18 Apr
  Parkash Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib 5 Vaisakh 18 Apr
  Parkash Guru Arjun Sahib 19 Vaisakh 2 May
  Parkash Guru Amar Das Sahib 9 Jeth 23 May
  Gurgadi Guru Hargobind Sahib 28 Jeth 11 Jun
  Martyrdom Guru Arjun Sahib 2 Harh 16 Jun
  Parkash Guru Hargobind Sahib 21 Harh 5 Jul
  Miri-Piri Day Guru Hargobind Sahib 6 Sawan 21Jul
  Parkash Guru Harkrishan Sahib 8 Sawan 23Jul
  First Parkash Guru Granth Sahib 17 Bhadon 1 Sep
  Jotijot Guru Amar Das Sahib 2 Asu 16 Sep
  Gurgadi Guru Ramdas Sahib 2 Asu 16 Sep
  Jotijot Guru Ramdas Sahib 2 Asu 16 Sep
  Gurgadi Guru Arjun Sahib 2 Asu 16 Sep
  Gurgadi Guru Angad Sahib 4 Asu 18Sep
  Jotijot Guru Nanak Sahib 8Asu 22 Sep
  Parkash Guru Ramdas Sahib 25 Asu 9 Oct
  Jotijot Guru Har Rai Sahib 6 Katik 20 Oct
  Gurgadi Guru Harkrishan Sahib 6 Katik 20 Oct
  Gurgadi Guru Granth Sahib 6 Katik 20 Oct
  Jotijot Guru Gobind Singh Sahib 7Katik 21 Oct
  Gurgadi Guru Gobind Singh Sahib 11 Maghar 24 Nov
  Martyrdom Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib 11 Maghar 24 Nov
  Martyrdom Elder Sahibzadas 8 Poh 21 Dec
  Martyrdom Younger Sahibzadas 13 Poh 26 Dec

Movable Dates (Change Every Year)

  Hola Mohalla Bandi Chhor Divas Parkash Guru Nanak Sahib
2003 19 Mar 25 Oct 8 Nov
2004 7 Mar 12 Nov 26 Nov
2005 26 Mar 1 Nov 15 Nov
2006 15 Mar 21 Oct 5 Nov
2007 4 Mar 9 Nov 24 Nov
2008 22 Mar 28 Oct 13 Nov
2009 11 Mar 17 Oct 2 Nov
2010 1 Mar 5 Nov 21 Nov
2011 20 Mar 26 Oct 10 Nov
2012 9 Mar 13 Nov 28 Nov
2013 28 Mar 3 Nov 17 Nov
2014 17 Mar 23 Oct 6 Nov
2015 6 Mar 11 Nov 25 Nov
2016 24 Mar 30 Oct 14 Nov
2017 13 Mar 19 Oct 4 Nov
2018 2 Mar 7 Nov 23 Nov
2019 21 Mar 27 Oct 12 Nov
2020 10 Mar 14 Nov 30 Nov
       

 

Other Important Days

Chet
1 Chet / 14 March - Nanakshahi New Year Day
2 Chet / 15 March - S. Baghel Singh's conquest of Delhi
12 Chet / 25 March - Shaheedi Bhai Subeg Singh, Bhai Shahbaz Singh
27 Chet / 9 April - Birthday Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji

Vaisakh
1 Vaisakh / 14 April (Vaisakhi) - Birth Anniversary of Khalsa

Jeth
3 Jeth / 17 May - Chhota Ghallughara
21 Jeth / 4 June - 1984 Ghallughara (Attack on Sri Akal Takht Sahib)
23 Jeth / 6 June - Shaheedi Sant Baba Jarnail Singh Ji

Harh
11 Harh / 25 June - Shaheedi Baba Banda Singh Ji Bahadur
15 Harh / 29 June - Barsi Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji
25 Harh / 9 July - Shaheedi Bhai Mani Singh Ji

Sawan
1 Sawan / 16 July - Shaheedi Bhai Taru Singh Ji
24 Sawan / 8 August - Morcha Guru Ka Bagh

Bhadon
15 Bhadon / 30 August 2004 - Mela Baba Bakala

Assu
17 Assu / 1 October - Foundation Day Singh Sabha
21 Assu / 5 October - Mela Beerh Baba Buddha Ji

Katik
8 Katik / 22 October 2004 - Khalsa Darbar
14 Katik / 28 October - Foundation Day Chief Khalsa Diwan
14 Katik / 28 October - Saka Panja Sahib
18 Katik / 1 November - Punjabi Suba Day
30 Katik / 13 November - Shaheedi Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed

Maghar
1 Maghar / 14 November - Foundation Day SGPC
11 Maghar / 24 November - Shaheedi Bhai Mati Das Ji, and Bhai Sati Das Ji
15 Maghar / 28 November - Birthday Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji
19 Maghar / 2 December - Shaheedi Baba Gurbakhsh Singh Ji
29 Maghar / 12 December - Birthday Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji
30 Maghar / 13 December - Foundation Day Shromani Akali Dal

Poh
8 Poh / 21 December - Shaheedi Sahibzada Ajit Singh, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh , and other Shaheeds of Chamkaur Sahib ---- 300th Anniversary
8 Poh / 21 December - Shaheedi Baba Jeevan Singh Ji
13 Poh / 26 December - Shaheedi Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, Sahibzada Fateh Singh, and Mata Gujri Ji's passing away ---- 300th Anniversary
Magh
1 Magh / 13 January - Mela Maghi Muktsar
1 Magh / 13 January - Foundation Day Sri Harimandar Sahib
7 Magh / 19 January - Morcha for Keys
25 Magh / 6 February - Mela Kottha Sahib
27 Magh / 8 February - Great Holocast
30 Magh / 11 February - Birthday Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji

Phagun
10 Phagun / 21 February - Saka Nankana Sahib
10 Phagun / 21 February - Jaito Morcha

 

 

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