had to marry Mehrai despite his refusal. This was an unfortunate upshot
of the jubilation in Sikh community caused by Guru Sahib's release
from seven years of incarceration. Within a few months two brides
were pledged to him by their parents. Under the customs prevalent
at that time, on Guru Hargobind's refusal, those girls would have
remained unmarried throughout their life. So he had to marry Nanaki
on March 28, 1620, and Mehrai also called Marwahi on July 10, 1620.
The first incident occurred too close to his release. Taken aback
at the second incident, he announced that no one should pledge his
daughter to him in future.
==> Guru HAR GOBIND PATSHAH (1595-1644) was born on Hadh 21 sunmat
1652 (June 14, 1595) to father Sri Guru Arjan Dev Patshah and mother
Matta Ganga Ji, in village Vadhali. He received his religious education
from Baba Budha Ji. Guru Sahib married three time:
Guru Sahib had five sons (Baba Gurditta Ji, Suraj Mal, Aani Rai, Atal Rai, and Guru Teg Bahadhur Ji) and one daughter (Bhiro). On Jaeth 29 sunmat 1663 (May 25 1606), while ascended to Guru Gadhi, Guru Har Gobind Patshah changed the previous tradition of wearing Saeli toppi (cap) and replaced it with wearing Kalgi. At the same time, he started the tradition of wearing two swords of Miri Piri. Observing the prevalent conditions of the nation at that time, Guru Sahib started teaching self-protection skills along with the religious preaching.
When the Akbar's policy of assimilation changed to Jahagir's propaganda
against the Sikhs, resulting in the martyrdom of Sri Guru Arjan
Dev Patshah, Guru Har Gobind Patshah urged his followers to pick
up weapons for their self-protection. He preached self-protection
along with his religious message. Upon hearing this, Jahagir arrested
and jailed Guru Sahib in Gawalior fort. However, instead of losing
popularity, as expected by Jahagir, this action immensely increased
the popularity and following of Guru Sahib. Many renowned muslims
issued a call for Guru Sahib's release. As a result, Jahagir not
only released Guru Sahib but actively sought to establish some level
of friendship. However, when Shahjahan came to power in sunmat 1685,
the government policy went strongly against the Sikhs. As a result,
Guru Sahib fought the following four wars with the mughal forces:
Guru Sahib left this materialistic world for heavenly abode on
Chaet 7 sunmat 1701 (March 3, 1644) after serving as the sixth Guru
of GurSikhism for a total of 37 years, 10 months, and 7 days. Guru
Sahib's entire journey through this planet amounted to 48 years,
8 months, and 15 days. Guru Har Rai Patshah ascended to Guru Gadhi
after Guru Har Gobind.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)
formally took up the question of the restoration of Maharaja of Nabha.
However, they waited for the completion of SGPC elections before proceeding
this case vigorously. This culminated into what is known as the Nabha
-Source The Sikhs in History, by Sangat Singh, 1995.
|1985||Indian government honors its forces for attacking Sri Darbar Sahib and Sri Akal Takhat. Zail Singh, then President of India, bestowed the honors.|