Low Caste Sikhs were denied entry into Harmandir Sahib.
The newly baptised "low caste Sikhs", at the annual
session of Khalsa Bradari, were taken to the Golden Temple
accompanied by reformers. This was a direct challenge to the
Mahants. The priets of Sri Harmandir Sahib refused to accept
Karah prasad from them or offer prayers for them. However,
the reformers insisted on the right of every Sikh to do that.
After theological discussions, Sri Guru Garnth Sahib was consulted.
The Granthi amongst the objectors, read out third Guru's hymn,
"Brother, He showers grace even on those who have no
merit and takes from them true Guru's service. By touch of
Philosopher's stone, i.e., base metal has become gold .
Our light has blended with His light, and we have become one
with Him." The priets, visibly affected offered prayers
and accepted prasad from the hands of the newly converted
When the whole party went to Sri Akal Takhat, the priests
there fled leaving the Guru Granth Sahib unattended. Bhai
Kartar Singh Jhabbar and Teja Singh of Bhucher appointed a
committee of 25 Sikhs for the management of Sri Akal Takhat.
Thus the pujaris ousted themsleves. They did not return even
when called by Sunder Singh Ramgathia, the new Sarbrah. They
were accused of sacrilege. The following day, the Deputy Commissioner
constituted a provisional committee of nine, all reformers,
including Prof. Teja Singh, Bawa Harkrishan Singh, Teja Singh
Bhuchar, Kartar Singh Jhabbar and others with Sunder Singh
Ramgarhia, as its head to manage the two shrines. Teja Singh
Bhuchar was appointed the Jathedar of Sri Akal Takhat. There
was no plan for the struggle that so miraculously developed
into the Gurudwara Reform Movement.
Takhat came under Panthic control of Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak
Committee. Bhai Teja Singh of Bhuchar made a suddden swoop on
the Akal Takhat and took possesion of the shrine.
==> AKAL TAKHAT - an institution, initially named Akal
Bunga, established by Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib in sunmat 1665
for Sikh Governance, located in front of Harmindar Sahib,
Amritsar. Regular diwans were conducted daily, during early
morning and evening by Guru Sahib. AkalBunga, represents the
centre for all Panthic jathaebandia (groups). It is where
Gurmat resolutions are announced and procalamations made that
are binding to all Sikhs around the world. Akal Bunga is the
first Takhat for Sikhs and hence popularly known as Akal Takhat.
Some of the arms preserved at this location include:
1. Sri Sahibs (swords) of Guru Hargobind Sahib that represented
Miri and Piri
2. Sri Sahib (sword) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
3. Sri Sahib (sword) of Baba Buddha Ji
4. Sri Sahib (sword) of Bhai Jaetha Ji
5. Sri Sahib Baba Karam Singh Ji Shaheed
6. Sri Sahib Bhai Uday Singh Ji, who was with Guru Gobind
7. Sri Sahib Bhai Bidhi Chand Ji
8. Dudhara Khanda (double-edged sword) of Baba Gurbakash Singh
9. Dudhara Khanda (double-edged sword) of Baba Deep Singh
10. Dudhara Khanda of Baba Nodh Singh Ji Shaheed
11. Khadag Bhai Vachitar Singh Ji which weighed 10 Saer
12. Guru Hargobinds Sahib's "Guraj" weighing 16
saer. It was given to Dharamvir Jassa Singh by Matta Sundari
13. A sword like weapon belonging to Guru Hargobind Sahib
Guru Hargobind Sahib's Katar
14. Baba Ajit Singh's Katar
15. Baba Jujhar Singh's Katar
16. Guru Hargobind Sahib's kirpan
17. Guru Hargobind's Paeshkabaj
18. Baba Deep Singh's Paeshkabaj
19. A sword like weapon of Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed
20. Pistol of Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed
21. Two arrows of Guru Gobind Singh each cxontaining one Toala
22. Medium sized Khanda of Baba Deep Singh Ji
23. Two kirpans of Baba Deep Singh Ji
24. Two small Khandas of Baba Deep Singh Ji
25. Chakar Of Baba Deep Singh Ji
26. Small Chakar of Baba Deep Singh Ji
27. Baba Deep Singh Ji's chakar for head decoration
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 36)
Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) and Shiromani Akali Dal
were declared unlawful bodies. The government took, with serious
concern, the political demand for restoration of the Maharaja
of Nabha who was forcibly deposed on July 8, 1923. On this demand,
the government brooked no compromise. The goverment was concious
that al, other issues behind jaito agitation were religious
in nature and had stirred deep feelings among the community.
As such, it has permitted the Jathas to move unhindered in the
British teritory and wanted to deal with them in Nabha state
territory. The Jathas, once in Nabha, were told to give an undertaking
that they will not indulge in political activity; i,e., ask
for the restoration of Maharaja. Upon refusal, they were arrested
and dispersed to remote and inhospitable places. A policy of
repression was institiated. And a press communique charged the
SGPC and the Akali Dal with "sedition and conspiracy to
verawe the Government." Both organizations were declared
unlawful and 50 members of the SGPC were arrested and charged
with conspiracy to wage war against the King Emporer.
-Source "The Sikhs in History," by Sangat Singh,
of Dhamian arrested at Mian Channun, District Montgomery.
||A Sikh procession
carrying the ashes of the 34 Sikhs, killed on September 11,
1982 was fired upon by the police near the Indian Parliament
House. Four Sikhs were killed including a saint, Jang Singh.
The police also fired inside the Gurdwara. An Indian daily newspaper
"Indian Express" published the photograph of police
aiming their rifles towards the Gurdwara Rakab Ganj and in the
picture, Sikhs could be seen very, very far away from the scene.
-Ref. THE SIKHS' STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical
Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar
Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119.
Sahib, Ranjit Singh, Jathedar Sri Akal Takhat, was released
after 13 years of jail. He was accused of killing the Nirankari
Chief in Delhi in 1980.