Singh broke his fast.
Master Tara Singh broke his fast that started on Aug. 15,
1961 to protest against the discriminatory attitude of the
government of India in not forming a Punjabi Speaking State
demanaded by the Sikhs. Prime Ministers offer to appoint a
commision of inquiry to look into the matter, prevailed upon
Master Tara Singh to break his fast. Soon therefater, Government
of India issued a notification which read:
charges have been made abour discrimination against the
Sikhs in Punjab. THis has culminated in Master Tara Singh,
a veteran Akali leader, taking the extreme step of fast
unto death. The Government is strongly of the opinion that
in a democratic set up, such an extreme step is neither
called for nor justified and therefore, the fast should
be terminated immediately; however, in the present context
of doubt and suspicion the Government has given thought
to this matter and considered it adviseable in accordance
with the announcement made by the Prime Minister in the
Parliament to appoint a Commission.
Commission may go into the general question of discrimination,
and examine any charges of differential treatment or grievances
of the Sikhs. The appointment of the Commission would naturally
take some time, but propose to do so as early as possible."
notification clearly recognises Sikhs as a distict political
"History of Sikh Struggles, Vol. 1," By Gurmit Singh,
Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 1989. pp. 51
MASTER TARA SINGH: Master Tara Singh was born on 24 June,
1885, in Haryal in Rawalpindi district of North Western Province
of undivided India. His mother, Moolan Devi, was a pious lady
and his father, Bakshi Gopi Chand, was a patwari of the village
and was a well known and respected person. Tara Singh's original
name was Nanak Chand. In 1902 Nanak Chand embraced Sikhism
and came to be called Tara Singh.
had a bright educational career and was a scholarship holder
almost at all stages of his education. In 1907 he passed his
B. A. examination from Khalsa College, Amritsar. Later Tara
Singh joined as headmaster of Khalsa High School, Lyallpur,
at an honorarium of Rs. 15 per month. Since then he came to
be known as Master Tara Singh. His career as a teacher ended
in 1921, following the Nankana tragedy.
edited two Akali newspapers, Akali (Udru) and Akali te Pardesi
(Grumukhi) in which he forcefully put forward the aims and
objectives of the Akali Dal.
an active part in national politics till his death on 22 November
"Master Tara Singh, by Verinder Grover, Deep & Deep
Publications Delhi, 1995.