Sunday, December 11, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

 

24th March

1664 Guru Har Krishan Ji visited Aurangzeb's court. This is the time Guru Sahib visited Aurangzeb's court, when Ram Rai emphatically declared that the decision of his father in selecting his younger brother as his sucessor to the pontificate of Guru Nanak was based on cogent reasons, and that he was now under the command of the new Guru.

==> Guru HAR KRISHAN Patshah (1656-1668), was born on monday, Sawan 8 sunmat 1713 (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur, to father Sri Guru Har Rai Patshah and mother Matta Krishan Kaur. On Katak 8 sunmat 1718 (Oct. 7 1661), Guru Sahib ascended to Gur Gadhi. Based on the complaints of Baba Ram Rai, Guru Sahib were summoned to Aurangzeb's court in Delhi. While in Delhi, Guru Sahib suffered from small pox (Chaechak) and subsequently left for heavenly abode on Vaisak 3 sunmat 1721 (March 30, 1664). Two historical Gurudwaras marking Guru Sahib's visit to Delhi include Balla Sahib and Bangla Sahib.

Guru Har Krishan, served as the eighth Guru of GurSikhism for a total of 2 years, 5 months and 26 days. Guru Sahibs's entire journey through our planet totaled to 7 years, 8 months, and 26 days.
"Sri Har Krishan Dayia Jit Ditha Sab Dukh Jae" (Chandhi 3)
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)

==> RAM RAI: born to matta Kataklyani and father Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib in sunmat 1703 at Kitarpur. When Aurangzeb summoned seventh patshah to answer some charges against him, Ram Rai was sent instead. Ram Rai impressed Aurangzeb with his cleverness. One day when Aurangzeb question (under influence from others) why Sri Guru Nanak had criticized Islam in salok "Mitti Musalman Ki"? Ram Rai quiteneed the assembled muslims saying that the actual writing is "Mitti Baimaan Ki" and not "musalman ki". When Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib heard of heard of this explanation, he declared that since Ram Rai changed the writings of Guru Nanak for the pleasure and happiness of Aurangzeb, he should never return home to face him. As a consequence Ram Rai obtains some jagir from Aurangzeb and settled north of Harduwar in Duun. He died there in sunmat 1788. Because of Ram Rai's Dehra, Duun came to be popularly known as Dehradun.

A historical katha suggests that when Ram Rai was engrossed in meditation, the neighboring masands mistook him for dead and cremated his body. For this reason, Matta Punjab Kaur sought punishment of masands from Kalgidhur patshah.

 

1847 The British being aware of the Sikh's emotional and sentimental attachment to Golden Temple and other shrines, issued special instructions to the British subjects to be careful in maintaining the sanctity of the shrines. An official notification issued by H.M. Lawrence, the British resident read as follows:
The Prients of Amritsar having complained of annoyances, this is make known to all concerned that by order of the Governor General, British subjects are forbidden to enter the temple (called the Durbar) or its precincts at Amritsar or indeed any temple, with their shoes. Not are the Sikhs to be molested or any way to be interfered with. Shoes are to be taken off at the bunga at the corner of the tank and no person is to walk round the talk with his shoes on.

-Source. History of Sikh Struggles, Vol. 1, By Gurmit Singh, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 1989. pp. 28

 

1922 Meeting at Rajowal by Kishan Singh Gargaj group to devise ways and means of reforming the toadies
1945 Master Tara Singh denounces the Acharyae Formula.

==> MASTER TARA SINGH: Master Tara Singh was born on 24 June, 1885, in Haryal in Rawalpindi district of North Western Province of undivided India. His mother, Moolan Devi, was a pious lady and his father, Bakshi Gopi Chand, was a patwari of the village and was a well known and respected person. Tara Singh's original name was Nanak Chand. In 1902 Nanak Chand embraced Sikhism and came to be called Tara Singh.

Tara Singh had a bright educational career and was a scholarship holder almost at all stages of his education. In 1907 he passed his B. A. examination from Khalsa College, Amritsar. Later Tara Singh joined as headmaster of Khalsa High School, Lyallpur, at an honorarium of Rs. 15 per month. Since then he came to be known as Master Tara Singh. His career as a teacher ended in 1921, following the Nankana tragedy.

He also edited two Akali newspapers, Akali (Udru) and Akali te Pardesi (Grumukhi) in which he forcefully put forward the aims and objectives of the Akali Dal.

He took an active part in national politics till his death on 22 November 1967.
-Ref. "Master Tara Singh, by Verinder Grover, Deep & Deep Publications Delhi, 1995.

 

 

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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