Singh appointed Baba Gurbakhash Singh (Banda Bahadur) as the
Jathedar of the Panth and attached to him five leading Sikhs
were to provide the corporate leadership to the Khalsa. The
Guru handed him a seal, five arrows from his quiver and the
nishan sahib, flag pole. Baba Gurbakhash Singh accompanied
by about 25 Sikhs left for the Punjab on this day, to punish
the Subedar of Sirhind, and uproot the oppressive Mughal rule.
BABA GURBAKHASH SINGH (BANDA BAHADHUR): born on KatakSudhi
13 sunmat 1727 to Rajput father Ramdev who was a resident
of the Rajori village in Jammu. He was named Lashman Dev by
his parents. Since childhood, he exhibited extremely fondness
for sanskrit literature and hunting. However, he plunged into
deep remorse after killing a pregnant deer. As a result he
discarded all his hunting tools and became a disciple of Vaesnav
JankiPrasad. He shed all his material wealth, started onto
the seekers path for enlightenment, and adopted the new name,
in search of enlightenment, when he traveled towards south
India and reached the banks of Godawari, he fell in love with
this beautiful new place. He established his Ashram and started
living here. In sunmat 1765, when Guru Gobind Singh Ji reached
Nandaedh, he was extremely impressed and influenced by Guru's
preaching. He offered himself as "Satguru Da Banda"
(Satguru's person). Guru Gobind Singh Ji introduced him to
Amrit and changed his name to Gurbakash Singh. However, he
remained popularly known in our Panth as "Banda".
the prevalent injustices, Guru Gobind Singh sent Baba GurBakhash
Singh accompanied by the following five GurSikhs to Punjab:
Singh went to Punjab in sunmat 1765 accompanied with a Hukamnama
from Guru Gobind Singh addressed to all the GurSikh. In this
Hukamnama, Guru Gobind Singh asked GurSikhs to help Baba Gurbakhash
Singh in his efforts. Before departure, Baba Gurbakhash Singh
received three arrows from Guru Gobind Singh and the following
celibate ("Jatt rakhana")
operate, and act under the dictates of Khalsa ("Khalsae
dae Anusari hokae rahna")
consider yourself to be Guru ("Aap nu Guru na manenna")
only after serving others ("Vartakae Shakana")
the orphas, poor, unprotected, helpless, destitute, or disolate.
("Anatha di sahiata karni")
Punjab, Gurbakash Singh strictly followed Guru Sahib's instructions
and successfully punish all who had previously mistreated
the Khalsa Panth. On the 1st Hadh sunmat 1767, after conquering
Sirhind, Wajir Khan was punished and eventually killed for
the mistreatment of Sahibzadas.
Gurbakash Singh became popular among the Khalsa Panth, his
self-godliness started awakening. As a result he started adopting
and engaging in practices that were against Gurmat. In sunmat
1771, Baba Gurbakhash Singh expressed desires to establish
his own Gadhi in Sri Harmindar Sahib and sought his self-worhsip.
He started a new slogan of "Sachae Sahib ki Fateh"
in contrast to the traditional "Vaaheguru Jee Kee Fateh".
This resulted in a severe split among Khalsa Panth. Those
following the principles as laid by Guru Gobind Singh came
to known as "TattKhalsa" while the followers of
Gurbakash Singh were known as "BandaiKhalsa". Today
there are very few Bandai Sikhs. They do not believe in any
other holy scriptures other than Sri Guru Granth Sahib. All
their practice are according to Gurmat principles.
Baba Gurbakhash Singh was cornered by the pursuing enemy forces
at "Gurdaspur de Gadhi". It is also popularly known
as Bhai Duni Chand di Hawaeli. After months of sustained attacks
from AbdalSamadKhan and others with a force of over 20,000,
Baba Gurbakhash Singh was arrested along with his companions
and taken to Delhi. He accepted Shahadat on Chaet Sudhi 1st
Singh stabbed by Jamshed Khan, a hired assasin. Evening of the
day when Baba Gurbakhash Singh left for Punjab, Guru Gobind
Singh was visited by two Pathans. One of them was commissioned
by Wazir Khan, Subedar of Sirhind. to assasinate Guru Gobind
Singh. Wazir Khan was afriad of the ongoing talks between the
Guru and Emporer Bahadhur Shah who had ordered Wazir Kahn to
pay Guru Gobind Singh a sum of Rupees 300/day.
One of the Pathans, Bashal Beg kept a vigil outside the Guru's
tent while Jamshed Khan, the hired assassin stabbed the Guru
twice. He was killed in one stroke by the Guru himself, while
those outside altered by the btumult killed the other. The
wound was sewn up the following day, by an English Surgeon,
==> GURU GOBIND SINGH JI (1666-1708), tenth Patshah of
the Sikh faith, was born on Saturday, Dec. 22, 1666 at Patna
Sahib to father Guru Tegh Bahadhur Patshah and Matta Gujri.
On, Nov. 11, 1675, he assumed Guruship at Anandpur Sahib.
"Rahao Gur Gobind" Salok Mahala 9
To uplift the suppressed people, Guru Sahib instituted the
tradition of Amrit during Vaisakhi diwan of sunmat 1756 at
KeshGadh Sahib. Further he established a communion of Amritdharis
(who received Amrit) and called it "Khalsa". Guru
Sahib, himself was the sixth member of the Khalsa order. Witnessing
the false practices and prevalent injustices, Guru Sahib propagated
the message of Guru Nanak so vigorously that the neighboring
hill rulers felt threatened. Without understanding either
his message or appreciating his objectives, these rulers suddenly
turned enemies and attacked on several occasions. Each time
Guru Sahib had to fight for his defense.
In sunmat 1761, the Turk forces sought Guru Sahib to leave
Anandpur Sahib under promises that were proven false through
subsequent events. Once Guru Sahib was out of Anandpur Sahib,
he was attacked and suffered heavy losses. The hard work of
52 poets, accumulated over the years, along with several commissioned
translations was burned by the enemies of knowledge. However,
Guru Sahib patiently but bravely faced the enemy and escaped
into the neighboring forest. Here with his influence, Guru
Sahib turned this ghost land into Saint land and the forest
into civilized Malwa. With his message of patience and valor,
Guru Sahib preached the importance of sacrifice and true knowledge.
He had four sons from Mata Jeeto and Sundari, namely, Baba
Ajit Singh, Baba Zujar Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh, and Baba
Fateh Singh Ji. All four sacrificed their lives to protect
and further the growth of the institutional plant sown by
After bestowing Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Sahib
left this earth on Oct. 7, 1708, near the banks of Godawari
river in Nanded, Guru Gobind Singh bravely fulfilled the responsibilities
of Guruship and guided the Sikh Panth for 32 years, 10 months,
and 26 days. He spent a total of 41 years, 9 months, and 15
days during his visit to this earth.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh
Randhir Singh released from imprisonment. He was arrested on
May 9, 1915 for participating in an unsuccessful attempt to
attack Ferozepur Fort on November 27, 1914.
==> Bhai RANDHIR SINGH Ji (1878-1961) indoctrinated thousands
of people with the GurSikhism religion and GurSikh way of
life through his ideal living, preachings, and kirtan. He
was a stalwart of the Ghadr movement who was and galoed for
a long term of imprisonment under section 121 (a) of the Indian
Penal Code in the Second Lahore Conspiracy Case. He called
himself as the first prisoner of the Akali movement who fought
for the Sikh right to lead life in the jail as prescribed
by the Guru himself. He was arrested on May 9, 1915 for participating
in an unsuccessful attempt to attack Ferozepur Fort on November
27, 1914 and released on Oct. 4, 1930. Others like Baba Nidhan
Singh of Chugha of Ferozepur, Udham Singh of Kasel and Baba
Wasakha Singh of Dadher, district Amritsar were of that tribe
of adventourous heros who combined religious fervour with
radical politics and defied death with supreme scorn and courage.
Sardar Bhagat Singh Shaheed was so influenced by Bhai Sahib's
life in the Central Jail, Lahore (where both of them were
confined) that he started wearing long hair/beard and adopted
GurSikh way of life.
-Ref. The Illustrated History of the Sikhs (1947-78),
by Gur Rattan Pal Singh
"Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey," by
Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.
India Akali Conference held in Patiala.
Renu G's Birthday
1963, the inspiration of this site