Sikh forces, under Jassa Singh Ahluwalia and Baghel Singh attacked Delhi and ransacked Houz Khaas after breaking the Mori Gate. Sabzi Mandi, Malkagunj and Pahari Dhiraj areas were plundered. Sikhs set up their headquarters at Majnu Tilla, out-skirts of Delhi. During this attack the Sikh forces captured Delhi. Sardar Baghel Singh returned to Punjab only after getting some major concessions for the Sikhs, raising Kesri Flag on Red Fort and constructing seven historical Gurudwaras connected with Sikh Gurus, including Sis Ganj and Rakab Ganj as memorials to the martydom of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadhur.
==> BAGHAEL SINGH was a resident of Chubhal, Amritsar. This
Sant Sepahi belonged to the "Karohdhi" Misl. In sunmat
1847, working with the Khalsa forces, he attacked and captured Delhi.
He received three lakh rupees from the Shah Aalam which he used
to build the Delhi Gurudwaras and acquire their surrounding lands.
He returned to Punjab after successful completion of all the historical
Gurudwara constructions. Baghael Singh led an exemplary life devoted
extensively to amrit prachar. Many well known Sikh personalities
including Patiala's Raja Sahib Singh Ji, received amrit under Baghael
Singh's guidance. He passed away on sunmat 1859 in Amritsar.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh
Treaty of Lahore was signed between the Lahore Darbar and the British:-
- All Sikh territories south of Sutlej taken over by the British.
- Jaladhur Doab to be occupied by Nritish troops.
- An indemnity of one and a half crores imposed on Lahore Darbar.
- All rebellious Sikh troops to be disbanded. Only 20,000 infantry and 12,000 cavalry to be maintained by Lahore Darbar.
- Dalip Singh recognised as a minor ruler with Rani Jindan as the regent and Lal Singh as the Wazir.
Adequate British troops were retained at Lahore to protect the Raja. Henry Lawrence was appointed as the british Resident.
Master Mota Singh condemns Nanakna Carnage and lashes at the policy of non-violence at Kot Fatuhi.
In view of the revolutionary changes occurring in India and realising the need to protect Sikh identity, SGPC decales that Sikhs are a Nation through a resolution.
==> RESOLUTION OF SIKH STATE of the SHIROMANI GURDWARA PRABANDHAK COMMITTEE
March 9th, 1946, Sri Amritsar, Panjab
Resolution No. 18
RESOLUTION OF SIKH STATE
The general house of the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee met under the presidency of Jathedar Mohan Singh Nagoke on March 9, 1946 at the S.G.P.C. headquarters, Teja Singh Samundri Hall, Amritsar. This meeting was attended by 80 elected members of the S.G.P.C.
Sardar Basant Singh of village Kukkar proposed the following resolution:
"The present political state of affairs in the country hold out ominous portents for all nations, including the Sikhs. In view of the revolutionary changes which are occurring in the country and realising the need to protect Sikh identity:
A. The Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (S.G.P.C.) declares that the Sikhs are a nation;
B. This general house of the S.G.P.C. considers it imperative to have a Sikh state to preserve the main Sikh shrines, Sikh social practices, Sikh self-respect and pride, Sikh sovereignty and the future prosperity of the Sikh people.
Therefore this house appeals to the Sikh people to endeavour to achieve the goal of a Sikh state."
The aforesaid resolution was seconded by S. Amar Singh Dosanjh. He said that under the present circumstances, the establishment of a Sikh state is necessary for the protection and propagation of the Sikh religion. He further opined that Sikhs are a nation and possess all the attributes of nationhood. He emphatically stated that any attempt to dub the Sikhs as a branch of a Hindu tree is an attempt to denigrate our separate identity and a ploy to assimilate us into the vastness of Hinduism. The Sikh people cannot progress and prosper as slaves of another nation. Our numerical minority cannot be hindrance to the formation of a separate Sikhs state. We are entitled to the same share as that of the majority community.
S.Gurdit Singh of Jhang Maghiana said that the resolution with the approval of the Sikh Sangat should be put forward in the next meeting.
S. Gurdial Singh Rajoana extended his support to the resolution.
S. Sohan Singh Jalal Usram, S. Wazir Singh Montgomery and S. Santa Singh Bhangali said that this important resolution must be put forward only with the approval of the Sikh Sangat.
Speaking in favour of the resolution, Giani Kartar Singh said that soon discussions and deliberations are to take place regarding the new political status of Hindustan and therefore such an important issue must not be postponed. The considered opinion of the S.G.P.C. must be formulated and circulated among the Sikh national leadership. Our idea and conception of the Sikh state is clear and unhindered. Sikhs are a nation, as such the Sikh people and the clean-shaven with shorn hair are the only two nations. It is crucial to have a territory wherein Sikhs can live freely and be masters of their own destiny.
S. Kartar Singh Jhabbar also gave his consent to the resolution.
*The Resolution was put to voice vote and was unanimously passed by show of hands.
(- SIGNED -)
S. Beant Singh, Member Jathedar Mohan Singh Nagoke, President
S. Amar Singh Dosanjh, Member
J. Gurdit Singh Jhang Maghiana, Member
Gurdial Singh Rajoana, Member
S. Sohan Singh Jalal Usram, Member
Wazir Singh Montgomery, Member
S. Santa Singh Bhangali, Member
of Punjabi Suba was declared on the radio, but people like Atal Bihari
Bajpayee continued to demonstrate his stupidity by oppossing it. Former
Prime Minister of Indian Morarji Desai also opposed the formation
of Punjabi Suba.
-Ref. "Sri Amritsar Ji De Darshan Isnan Ate 500 Sala(n) Di Itihasik Directory," by Satnam Singh Khalsa.
The Sikh Homeland was sealed permanently for foreign visiters. Even Amnesty International, the Human Rights Commission and the other Humane organizations were banned in the Sikh zone (Punjab) so that the world may not get the true picture of the atrocities being perpetuated on the Sikhs by the Indian Government. Since then all of Punjab has been like a concentration camp for Sikhs.