Thursday, October 27, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

Bhai Varyam Singh

Bhai Varyam Singh (1870 - 1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was the second of the four sons of Bhai Bhag Singh and Mai Chand Kaur, Kamboj landowners ofNizampur village, about 8 km east of Amritsar. The family later migrated to Nizampur Chelevala in Sheikh upura district (now in Pakistan). He started his education in the village gurdwara. As he grew up, he enlisted in the Burmese army, but came back after five years of active service. He was of a religious disposition and displayed an unusually strong predilection towards the Gulabdasi sect. He bought a piece of land and founded a habitation, which he named Khakatan Moran near Bhunnerheri, in Patiala district (then Patiala state). Pressed by local circumstances, Bhai Varyam Singh came back to Nizampur Chelevala in the Lower Chenab Canal Colony where agitation for Gurdwara reform was at its height. Dharovali political conference (13 October 1920) which he attended had an electric effect on him. He underwent the initiation rites and enlisted as an Akali volunteer for the liberation of gurdwaras under the control of hereditary custodians. He was one of the Akali volunteers who met with a fatal end inside the compound of Gurdwara Janam Asthan on 20 February 1921. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee granted a pension of Rs 175 per annum to his widow.

Reference: Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Singh, Shahidi Jivan. Nankana Sahib, 1938.

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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