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Gateway to Sikhism

Kusum Lata Mittal Report

C H A P T E R - 6


6.1. West District of Union Territory of Delhi borders Haryana and had three Sub-Divisions and nine Police Stations under its jurisdiction. Shri U.K. Katna (28.9.83 to 8.7.85) was Deputy Commissioner of Police of this District. The details of the three Sub-Divisions are indicated below: -



1. P.S. Punjabi Bagh, SHO : Inspector Ram Chandra, From 13.4.81 to 15.2.85.

2. P.S. Nangloi, SHO : Inspector Ram Pal Singh, From 20.9.83 to 15.2.85.

3. P.S. Sultanpuri, SHO : Inspector Hari Ram Bhatti, From 9.11.83 to 19.11.84.

4. P.S. Mangolpuri, SHO : Inspector Rajinder Singh, From 7.6.83 to 15.2.85.


ACP : Shri jagmal Singh

1. P.S. Tilak nagar, SHO : Inspector Jagdish Chand Sharma, from 16.3.83 to 2.9.85

2. P.S. Janakpuri, SHO : Inspector Sheodeen Singh, From 6.7.84 to 15.2.85.

3. P.S. Najafgarh, SHO : Inspector Hawa Singh, From 8.7.83 to 6.9.85.


ACP: Shri Sajjan Singh

1. P.S. Moti Nagar, SHO : Inspector Ved Parkash Gupta, From --------------------------

2. P.S. Rajouri Garden, SHO : Inspector Prem Nath Arora, From 21.5.82 to 24.7.85.

6.2. This District was also very badly affected during November 1984 riots. According to Delhi Administration, apart from large number of incidents of arson and loot, the total number of deaths in this District was 616 The Citizen’s Justice Committee placed the number of deaths around 904 before Misra Commission. As the subsequent discussion will show, a number of dead bodies were systematically removed or burnt down either by the mob or the police. Therefore, it is not possible to come to any exact figure of deaths. Perhaps the figure indicated by the Citizen’s Justice Committee would be nearer the truth.

6.3. Evidence forthcoming clearly indicates that the local leaders and the police, especially the SHOs were working in unison. The leaders were freely moving around making speeches and instigating the mobs to indulge in arson, loot and killing. There is plenty of evidence to show that the local SHOs as well as other police staff were hand in glove with them. This would partly explain the lack of action on the part of the police. At certain places, the local SHOs and other staff were not only directly involved but also instigated the mob to indulge in nefarious activities.

6.4. Out of9 Police Stations, the police staff if perhaps only two, viz. Rajouri Garden and Moti Nagar Police stations remained neutral and impartial. The other seven Police Stations were badly affected. Although there were 12 deaths in Rajouri Garden and 7 deaths in Moti Nagar (according to Delhi Administration) the police records indicate that the SHOs of these two Police Stations, managed to contain the trouble. No personal allegations have been made against any police official of these two Police Stations either in the Misra Commission or before this Committee. Therefore, no specific recommendations are made in respect of the police personnel of these two Police Stations. The events in the other seven Police Stations are discussed in the fo0llowing paragraphs in detail: -


SHO : Inspector Ram Chander, From 13.4.81 to 15.2.85

ACP : Shri J.K. Saxena,From 2.11.81 to 14.2.85

6.5. Punjabi Bagh Police Station located on the out-skirts of Delhi has a mixed population, with a few colonies of upper and middleclass and some rural pockets. Three Police Posts in its jurisdiction are: Shakurbasti; Madipur, and Anand Vas.


6.6. A large number of affidavits received by the Misra Commission indicate that local leaders were involved in the incidents of arson and violence. They were not checked by the local police who appeared to be siding with them. A number of these deponents had been cross-examined by the Commission. Some of the important affidavits giving a picture of the incidents in this area are those given by Shri Tulsi Ram (160); Shri Kuldip Singh (2272); Shri Gurcharan Singh (2274); Shri Virendra Singh (2278); Sh. Pal Singh (2276); Shri Ladhu Ram (2287); Shri Amarjit Singh (2382); Smt. Boori Bhai (2419); Shri Gulshan Singh (2461); Shri Angad Singh (2675); Smt. Gurbir Kaur (2749); Smt. Prakash Kaur (167).

6.7 From the affidavits, the picture which emerges is that the local leaders were roaming around in a white car and a Bullet motorcycle. The police jeep was also moving along with these local leaders. Gurudwaras were attacked in the morning on 1.11.84 and movable property of the Gurudwaras was taken away in two trucks and a matador. The sewadars of Gurudwara Tikana Sahib went to the Police Station for protection but they were beaten up on the instructions of the local leader. Affidavits of Shri Gurcharan Singh (2274) and Shri Gulshan Singh (2461) are relevant in this connection. Both these deponents were cross-examined by Misra Commission.

6.8 After setting the Gurudwara on fire, the mob led by the leaders set fire to Guru Nanak Public School between 11.00 and 12.00 hrs on the same day. Ladhu Ram, the peon of Guru Nanak Public School (2287) and Shri Kuldip Singh (2272), has testified to this. According to them, Head Constable Hamid Khan misappropriated a part of the loot. At about 11.20 AM, Guru Singh Sabha in Bhagwan Dass Nagar in East Punjabi Bagh was set on fire. (Affidavits of Shri Amarjit Singh (2382) and Shri Angad Singh (2675). Shri Pal Singh (2276) stated that his house was attacked and he fired a few rounds in the air from his licensed pistol to scare the mob. His statement is corroborated by Shri Kuldip Singh (2272). However, on hearing the sound of firing, two DTC buses and two mini buses carrying a large number of people came. These were followed by a police vehicle. Being out-numbered Shri Pal Singh managed to escape from the back door and later he was arrested on 3.11.84 and a case registered against him for murder. Smt. Prakash Kaur (167) and Smt. Boori Bhai (2419) also gave vivid description of the attack in their area.


6.9 Only two affidavits have been filed before the Committee which are of a general nature. Inderjit Singh (107) and Shri Manjit Singh (185) have described police inaction and the fact that their FIRs were not properly recorded and no subsequent follow-up was done by the police.


6.10 There was no trouble on 31st October 1984. However, on 1.11.84, incidents of arson and looting started in rapid succession. Gurudwaras were the main targets followed by Guru Nanak Public School. At 11.20 AM, Gurudwara in Bhagwan Dass Nagar was set ablaze followed by attack on Gurudwara in ‘A’ Block Madipur at 12.40 PM. At about 1.00 PM. There was a serious incident in Samrat Enclave when some member of the Sikh Community started firing at the mob from the roof top of house No. C-64, Raj Nagar in which a number of persons including three inmates of the -----------(two males and one female) were killed according 1450 hrs, the crowd looted Madipur. At 1540 hrs, shops in P&T Colony were looted. At about the same time, the mob tried to set some trucks on fire in Paschim Puri Enclave. At 1720 hrs, Kothi No.33, Road No.1 Punjabi Bagh was set ablaze. On 2nd November 1984, there were incidents of rioting near Samrat Cinema, Shakarpur and one truck was looted and set on fire at Madhuban Chowk. On 3.11.84, one house near Shivaji Park School was set ablaze. Incidents of violence continued upto4.11.84 as would be clear from the messages in the Log Book of this Police Station.

FIR' s

6.11 Although there have been large number of incidents of arson, looting and even killings, only 1 FIR No. 511 was registered by Inspector Ram Chander SHO, Punjabi Bagh at 1.00 PM. On 1.11.84. This is a general FIR, which mentions rioting by both communities. This is of a very general nature and clearly indicates the bias of the SHO against the Sikhs in general. Interestingly, as has been pointed out during the arguments before Misra Commission, this FIR was recorded in more or less the same language as FIR NO. 351/84 of Police Station Nangloi and FIR No. 176/84 of Police Station Mangolpuri. Apparently, the three SHOs decided to record similar FIRs by mutual consultation or under directions from their superiors. Otherwise it would not have been possible for them to use similar phrases and language.


6.12 During the entire period of the riots, ---------------------------- and no arrests were made in this Police Station under substantive offences. Besides, no preventive arrests were made from 31st October to2nd November 1984. It is only on 3.11.84 that 12 preventive arrests are shown to have been made. Throughout the period, there is no mention of any lathi charge to control the mobs. Tear-gas shells were used only at one place in Samrat Enclave when the Sikhs resorted to firing in self-defense on 1.11.84. There is mention of some police firing which was allegedly done in the air. The sequence of events as they emerge from the various reports and log books of the police appear to be as follows:

6.13 House No. C-64, Raj Nagar, Samrat Enclave was gheraoed by an unruly mob of 20-30 thousand people at about 1.00 PM on 1.11.84. SHO, Punjabi Bagh states that he rushed to the spot at about 13.24 hrs and he sent a message to West District Control requesting for additional force and tear-gas. Meanwhile, ACP reached and he found the house had been set on fire. Thereafter, both SHO and ACP continued to send messages through wireless to West District Control for force and tear-gas. ACP also made repeated requests from 1330 hrs onwards to DCP to visit the spot in the interest of the morale of the subordinate staff. The additional force and tear-gas arrived at 14.30 hrs. The ACP used the tear-gas shells to disengage the mob. Fifty-two rounds of .303 and 9 rounds of revolver were also fired by the police. After the firing when the police reached the roof of the house they found 3 dead bodies (2 male and 1 female) lying on the roof. ACP in his report-dated 14.11.84 further reports that 3 infant children were found hidden behind one barsati one they were handed over to their grand mother.

6.14 Apparently, the inmates died as a result of police firing. DCP arrived on the spot at 14.55 hrs i.e. nearly full2 hours after the trouble started and nearly one-hour and25 minutes after the ACP specifically requested the DCP to reach the spot. Although a number of people died there in the incident, the DCP stated in his report dated 31.12.84 that no one was killed in this incident as a result of police firing which is incorrect. The police did not register any FIR regarding this incident in spite of the casualties, which is not understandable.

6.15 That the police action was totally ineffective is also clear from the fact that the mobs continued their nefarious activities unchecked and the situation was not controlled even in places where the ACP and DCP were present. On the other hand, in the arguments of the Delhi Administration before Misra Commission a misleading impression has been given that the police was very active and 10 cases were registered under various sections of the IPC and the Arms Act. Besides, 40 persons were arrested in specific offences and 66 persons were arrested under preventive sections. This is not borne out by the facts as during the period of the riots only one FIR was registered and till the 3rd of November 1984, no arrests whatsoever were made. Action taken after the riots perhaps has been included to give a rosy picture, which is far from the truth.


6.16 The total number of deaths according to Delhi Administration was 27, whereas police records shot about 24. From this it is clear that although the number of deaths was not large the incidents of looting and arson were numerous and remained unchecked.


6.17 The reports of the various officers from SHO upward give an impression that not only did the police take no action to control or contain the situation, but they acted in a partisan manner. This becomes evident from the evidence of various deponents to the fact that police vehicles were present in the initial stages when the Gurudwaras and Sikhs were attacked in the morning on 1.11.84. The report of the SHO dated 18.11.84 has described the attack on Sikh houses in Samrat Enclave, Raj Nagar. In the report he has stated that there was a mob of 20 to 30 thousand people at 1.00 PM. Yet he goes on to say that there was unprovoked firing from the rooftops and four persons were reported killed due to the same. If 20 to 30 thousand people attacked someone’s house, firing in self-defense cannot be termed as unprovoked, since every citizen has a right for self-defense. The SHO has not indicated how the police tried to control or handled the situation. If anything, his report gives the impression that since the Sikhs were firing in self-defense, tear-gas shells were used by the police to flush them out to their houses. ACP (Punjabi Bagh) and DCP (West) were also present at the spot. In report, the 20 rounds of revolver were fired at Raj Nagar under orders of ACP. However, no casualty took place due to this firing. This is incorrect as has been discussed earlier in Para 6.13 because there were a number of casualties.

6.18 An interesting message of ACP, Punjabi Bagh, sent at 1450 hrs reads as follows

“There is a gathering of thousands at the spot which had gheraoed the house and action will be started after 10 minutes. He requested the DCP (West District) to come at the spot so that the morale of the force is kept up.”

The above message clearly indicates the reluctance of the SHO and the ACP to take prompt action to control the situation. ACP sent repeated messages from 1330 hrs to DCP to visit the spot but after so many messages, DCP Shri Katna leaves for the spot at 1403 hrs (according to his own statement) and instead of rushing to the spot, he goes to Moti Nagar and Rajouri Garden and ultimately reaches Samrat Enclave at 1455 hrs. In spite of this serious incident having taken place, no separate FIR was registered.

6.19 Guru Nanak Public School was set ablaze by the mob at about 11.00 AM on 1.11.84. This incident has been left out in the reports of ACP and DCP. The SHO makes a mention of this incident but only shows his visit in the afternoon. Apparently, the ACP Punjabi Bagh and DCP were present at the time when the Gurudwara in Bhagwan Dass Nagar was looted and burnt as well as at the time of the incident of setting fire to the Public School but the action taken by them is not indicated. There was perhaps no will on their part to take any effective action. Not mentioning many of the incidents gives a clear indication that there was a definite and deliberate attempt to minimize the incidents in this Police Station. Not only the police was inactive, they were also, as discussed above, siding with rioters and seemed to be under pressure from the local leaders; hence their partisan attitude.


6.20 While the role of the ACP and DCP will be discussed separately, it is clear that the SHO was inactive, failed to control the situation and permitted arson, looting and killings to continue. He failed to behave as a member of the disciplined force and it is, therefore, recommended that departmental proceedings for major penalty should be initiated against him.

6.21 It is understood that DCP (West) initiated some action against Head Constable Hamid Khan for misappropriation of looted property but the outcome of the inquiry is not known. This needs to be further pursued.


SHO : Inspector Ram Pal Singh from 20.9.83 to15.2.85

ACP: Shri J.K. Saxena


6.23 A large number of affidavits filed before the Misra Commission give a graphic description of the events, which took place during the riots. There was no trouble in this area on 31st October 1984. However, a meeting of the local leaders is said to have taken place during the night intervening 31st October, 1984 and 1st November, 1984. Thereafter, the incidents of arson, loot, violence and killing took place in quick succession.

6.24 Two of the many deponents, viz., Smt. Surinder Kaur (2582) and Shri Gurbachan Singh (2310) were also cross-examined by the misra Commission.

SMT. GURDIP KAUR (2307)----- whose son is a member of the Youth Congress (I), has stated that she was informed that a meeting was held in the colony in which it had been decided that the Sardars were to be killed and the Gurudwaras burnt. She has described in detail how the attack started and Sikh men and women tried to hide in different places. One of her neighbours informed them that three truckloads of persons had come from neighbouring villages and they were coming towards their house. One of the neighbours advised them to hide and the men-folk hid in a tube well. They were, however, attacked and burnt alive. She has given the names of a number of persons whom she recognizes and who were part of the crowd. According to her, the crowd was being paid for the killings at the rate of Rs. 50/- per killing and a bottle of liquor. A number of families were given. Even on the 4thof November 1984, she saw two dead bodies lying on the ground which were being burnt.

6.25.1 SHRI GURBACHAN SINGH (2310)------ has described how crowds came in Haryana Roadways buses and indulged in arson, loot and killing. According to him, the attacks continued till 3rd November 1984. At the Police Station, where some Sikhs were escorted, they were forced to have their hair cut. No action was taken when after the riots a report was lodged at the Police Station naming the ringleaders.

6.25.2 Similar details of attacks have been given by Smt. Krishna (2337); Smt. Updesh Kaur (2555); Smt. Gurcharan Kaur (2557); Smt. Partap kaur(2558); Smt. Surender Kaur (2582); Shri Ishar Singh (2608); Smt. Kuldip Kaur (2538); Shri Puran Singh (2797); Shri Mohinder Singh (2556); Smt. Sushil Kaur (2817); Smt. Gurdeep Kaur (2307) and many others.


6.25.3 Only one affidavit has been received by the Committee. This is an affidavit of Shri Gurbachan Singh Saluja (213/87). He was running a shop at Chowk Piragarhi, Rohtak Road. He has described that his business establishment was looted and badly damaged by the miscreants and the local police did not stop the mob nor took any action on his report.


6.26 A study of the affidavits and the police records indicate that a large number of persons had come by road and train from outside. As usual, they were set on fire and thereafter houses of individual Sikhs were attacked. A number of attempts were made by various persons particularly the ladies to go to the Police Station and seek help but the response was negative. In some cases, the ladies went to the Police Station Punjabi Bagh but here also they were turned

Away. Incidents of killing continued right up to the 3rd of November 1984.

6.27 The most serious incident was the killing of 9 Sikhs hiding inside a tube-well. Gruesome burning alive of two young girls has been described in the affidavit of Shri Ishar Singh (2608); Smt. Gurcharan Kaur (2557) and Shri Gurcharan Singh (2310). Apparently, the police were moving around in civilian clothes, according to Smt. Gurcharan Kaur (2557), and instead of protecting the victims the police seemed to be part of the mob. (Shri Joginder Singh- 1521). Smt. Pratap Kaur (2558) has stated that the police was pointing out the houses of the Sikhs. She went to the Police Station to lodge a complaint but the police paid no heed. Smt. Krishna (2337) was asked by the police to run away when she went with her complaint. She counted over 100 Sikh bodies on the roads and lanes.


6.28 According to the Delhi Administration, about 122 persons were killed within the jurisdiction of this Police Station. The Citizen’s Justice Committee in their statement put the figures at 146. However, in the police Station records there is mention of 2.11.84. Since a number of dead bodies were disposed of by burning as per the graphic description of the various deponents, the overall figure of deaths in this Police Station could be anywhere between 140 and 150.


6.29 As in the case of Punjabi Bagh and Mangolpuri Police Stations in this P.S. also only one FIR No. 351/84 was registered on 1.11.84 at 4.05 PM. Which covers all the incidents. In his reply dated 7.2.85 to various questions put to SHO Inspector Ram Pal Singh, vague reasons have been given for this illegal action. During the riots, no arrests were made under substantive offences. No preventive arrests were made on 1st and 2nd November 1984 and only 5 persons are shown to have been arrested under preventive sections on 3.11.84. Lathi charge was not resorted to on the 1st of November 1984 and the Daily Diary entry indicates lathi charge only at one place on 2nd November 1984. Police was obviously ineffective because no one was hurt or injured and incidents continued right up to 3rd of November 1984.

6.30 On the other hand, Delhi Administration in their arguments before Mira Commission has given a difference picture, which is not borne out by facts. According to Delhi Administration, 5 Firs were registered; 13 persons were arrested and 52 persons were arrested under preventive sections. These arrests were certainly not made during the period of the riots and give a misleading picture of the police action.


6.33. Although no specific allegations have been made against individual police officers, the study of the records and the affidavits indicate absolute police apathy and inaction. There is ample evidence that deponents especially women went to the Police Stations but they were turned away. What to talk of giving protection, even their FIRs were not recorded. Had the police taken effective action, violence could not have continued right up to 3rd November 1984. The SHO of this Police Station apparently abdicated his charge and the mobs continued to do exactly what they wanted. He is squarely responsible for the total failure and breakdown of the police administration in this Police Station and it is recommended that disciplinary action for major penalty is initiated against him.


SHO : Inspector H.R.Bhatti,(2.11.84 to 19.11.84)

ACP : Shri J.K. Saxena

6.34. Police Station Sultanpuri mainly covers resettlement colonies with sizable Sikh population.


6.35. A large number of affidavits relating to this a number of deponents were also cross-examined. Some of those who were cross-examined were: Smt. Durjan Kaur (2293); Smt. Jatan Kaur (2405); Smt. Banto Kaur (2424); Smt. Anek Kaur (2427); Smt. Gopi Kaur (2430); Smt. Asudi Bai (2606); and Shri Bhag Singh (2686). The Misra Commission also had the statements of some deponents investigated through its-investigating agency. A number of other deponents had also given graphic descriptions of he sequence of events in this Police Station during the riots, which will be discussed subsequently.


6.36. A study of the affidavits and police records indicate that there was no serious incident of violence in this Police Station on 31.10.84. However, in the morning of 1st November 1984, a local Member of Parliament addressed a meeting which was also attended by SHO Inspector Bhatti and other police officers of Sultanpuri. In this meeting, the gathering was instigated to take revenge on the Sikhs. Immediately thereafter, violence started with full fury. An attack on the Gurudwara in Budh Vihar was followed by arson and looting in Blocks A & C. In Blocks ‘A’, a number of shops belonging to Sikhs were set ablaze. In Block ‘C’, a Gurudwara was set on fire. In this very incident, an elderly Sikh named Tota Singh was beaten up by the mob and some witnesses saw SHO Shri Bhatti firing at Tota Singh with his service revolver. Tota Singh was removed to hospital in a serious condition where he succumbed to injuries. Violence spread to other areas and continued unabated also on 2nd and 3rd November 1984.

6.37. It seems the pattern, that was followed, was that first the SHO Shri Bhatti and Head Constable Jai Chand ordered and threatened the Sikhs to go inside their houses otherwise they would shoot them. After the Sikhs went inside the houses, they were attacked by the mobs with the full connivance of the police. (Affidavits of Smt. Jatan Kaur –2405; Guddi Kaur- 2680; Chal Kaur-2698; and Shri Moti Singh –2403.) The SHO was allegedly leading the mob and pointing out the houses of the Sikhs. (Affidavits of Ramesh Kaur –2619; Shri Sangat Singh –2493; Smt. Gopi Kaur – 2430 & 2545; Smt. Prem Kaur –2475; Smt. Gulbano Kaur – 2417; and Smt. Guddi Kaur-2680). The SHO was not only leading the mob but also firing at the Sikhs and killing them. He had allegedly fired at Roshan Singh and said, ‘No Sikh can go from here alive while am here’. Havaldar Jai Chand was alleged to have fired at Jarnail Singh and killed him. (Affidavits of Moti Singh –2403; Smt. Prem Kaur- 2474; Smt. Salawati Kaur –2533.) Shri Pinia Singh (2375) and Smt. Gopi Kaur (2430) also alleged that Tota Singh was shot by Shri Bhatti. Shri Bhag Singh (2686) has given evidence to the effect that SHO Bhatti told the deponent that he had been ordered to disarm the Sikhs and took the4 deponent’s gun.

6.38. The police subsequently refused to record the FIRs of the victims. (Affidavits by Shri Kalia – 2348 and Smt. Rajni Devi – 2349.) Sikhs were also humiliated and asked to shave off their hair at the Police Station. (Smt. Anek Kaur –2427. Smt. Salawati Kaur – 2533 and Smt. Gopi Kaur – 2430 & 2545.) The Police disposed some of the dead bodies of the victims off by carrying them away in tempos and by burning. (Smt. Durjan Kaur –2293; Shri Moti Singh – 2403; Smt. Rajni Devi – 2349; and Smt. Jatan Kaur – 2405.) It seems that to ensure that the victims could not escape and the killers were not identified, the electricity was switched off. (Affidavits of Teedee Kaur – 2426 and Smt. Film Kaur – 2428).

6.39. Some Sikhs, who were considered to be influential or could subsequently create trouble, were isolated and taken to the Thana. According to Shri Pinia Singh (2375), the SHO had been acting as follows: -

“ At about 10.00 AM. On 1.11.84, a mob of about 2,000 persons attacked us. In the meantime the police arrived. SHO Bhatti Saheb took us to the Police Station. Other Sikhs were also present there in the Police Station. Bhatti Saheb said that you 15-20 persons who have come here were safe and you will see what happens with others. We saw outside slaughtering was being done. Police was just watching.”

6.40. The affidavits which were investigated by the Misra Commission through the investigating agency also indicate that the allegations made by the deponents were by and large correct.


6.41. Seventeen affidavits have been received before the Committee. These affidavits appreciate the some Sikh families. Considering the overwhelming evidence against the SHO, these affidavits do not carry any weight.


6.42. According to Delhi Administration, the number of deaths in PS Sultanpuri was 201 whereas according to the affidavits filed by the Citizens’ Justice Committee the figure would be 379. There is enough evidence to show that dead bodies were being burnt or systematically removed soon after the killings. Even the SHO in his statement at one place has accepted that it was not possible to conduct postmortem on all the bodies because quite a few have been burnt. Since the disposal of most of the dead bodies were done in such a manner, as not to leave any trace, there is no doubt that the deaths in this Police Station might have been more. The claims made are not necessarily the correct picture, as many people ran away not to return.

6.43. A number of people of West District fled away in fear to Alwar (Rajasthan) and were too scared of harassment by police and local leaders that they were reluctant to return to Delhi. The Delhi Administration had this matter examined in some depth by the then Deputy Commissioner Shri R.S. Sethi, who after inquiries at Alwar submitted a detailed report dated 17.12.84 which was passed on to the then Police.

FIR' s

6.44. Despite large number of incidents of killings, looting and arson, only 2 FIRs were registered – one each on 1st and 3rd November 1984 respectively. These are of a general nature. In FIR No. 250 of1.11.84 even killings have not been mentioned. The effort of the local police throughout was to minimize and conceal the incidents deliberately.


6.45. During the entire period of the riots, and, in spite of the fact that large-scale killings, arson and loot was taking place, not a single arrest was made under substantive offences. No prevent will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

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