Monday, December 11, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism


Festivals and Other days Celebrated in Gurdwaras


Festival of Lights. It is an Indian seasonal festival ushering in winter. At night, lamps are lighted on parapets of the houses. In general, its importance is that Avtar Sri Ram Chandar returned home from his exile on this day.
Importance in Sikhs - It is important day for Sikhs as Guru Hargobind returned from Gwalior to Amritsar on Diwali day. This is celebrated with great fanfare and fireworks at Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar.

Hola Mohalla

It is held at Anandpur Sahib, District Ropar, Punjab, one day after the festival of Holi.
Holi is a seasonal festival of India at the onset of spring, indicating end of the winter.
Sikhs replaced Holi with Hola Mohalla. Sikhs celebrate it at Anandpur Sahib, On this day, they display their valor and deftness in using weapons.

Rakhi - Rakharri

Rakhi Festival on full moon day. Rakhi or Rakhrri is a wristband. Sister ties a band on the wrist of her brother reminding his protection to her. It is celebrated at the Gurdwara Sahib of Guru Tegh Bahadur at Baba-Bakala; Chheharta Sahib (Guru Hargobind); and Goindwal Sahib (Guru Amardas).

Sangrant (Sangrand)

On the 1st day of Sangrant, complete Baramaha (by 5th Guru Arjun Dev) is read out from Guru Granth Sahib (page 133), in every Gurdwara. At homes, if Guru Granth Sahib is not there, it is devotedly read out of Gutkas – mini prayer books.

Chaudass (Chaudaen)

This is a famous festival held at Gurdwara Sahib at Taran Taran (5th Guru Arjun Dev). It is called “Chaudaen” or “Chaudaen Daa Ishnaan.” (the bath of dark night - 14th day of the waning moon). It is the totally dark night. The devotees take bath at the nighttime, in the holy tank of Gurdwara Sahib. It attracts a huge rush. The villagers bring their animals also, for bathing them at this holy tank. The next morning, the people go to Amritsar for “Massiaa” or “Massiaa Daa Ishnan” (bath of the past dark night).


Massiaa is the moon-less (dark) night. This festival is held on the next morning of the fully dark night (the day next to Chaudass) at Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar. It creates a great rush. The people take bath at this holy tank, too, after bathing at Tarn Taran.

Local Days

Some Gurdwaras, even historical, celebrate their own, local or individual, special days.


Do not socialize in the prayer hall , even if the service has ended and Guru Granth Sahib is closed. Sikhs meet by saying “Sat Sir Akal” – the Lord is the truth!, or by saying, ”Waheguru ji kaa Khalsa, Waheguru ji kee fateh” - Khalsa belongs to God and glory to Him.
In Gurdwara premises, a very frank and too much informal meeting without a restraint is not appreciated. We have to be considerate of sanctity of the place, and supermacy of the environment. The prime need is of maintaining proper decorum – politeness, humility and sweetness. will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one's immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.