Monday, December 11, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism



PUNJAB: Yields to no other Province in ethnological interest and variety.

Consisting for the most part of the great plains of the five rivers and including some of the most and
some of the least fertile tracts of India,

  • and stretches up to and beyond the peaks of the Central Himalayas
  • and embraces the Tibetan valleys of Lahul and Spiti;
  • and while on the east it included the Mughal capital of Delhi;
  • and the western borders of Hindustan;
  • and on the south encroaches on the great desert of Rajputana,
  • and on the west it embraces, in its trans-Jhelum territory, a tract which except in respect of

geographical position can hardly be said to belong to India.

  • Nor are its inhabitants less diverse than its physical aspects.
  • It does not indeed contain any of the aboriginal tribes of India,
  • at least in their primitive barbarism ;
  • and its people, in common with those of neighbouring Provinces,
  • include the peaceful descendants of the old Rajput rulers of the country,
  • the sturdy Jat Peasantry form the backbone of the villages of North-Western India,
  • and the various races which are allied to them.
  • But the nomad and still semi civilised tribes of its great central grazing grounds,
  • the Baloches of its frontier,
  • so distinct from all Indian races,
  • the Khatris, Aroras, Suds, Bhabras and Parachas who conduct its commerce,
  • and the Dogras, the Kanets, the Thakurs and Ghirths of its hills,
  • are almost peculiar to the Province;
  • while the Gakkhars, the Awans, the Kharrals. Kathias, Khattars
  • and many other tribes of the Rawalpindi and Multan Divisions
  • present a series of problems sufficiently intricate to satisfy the most ardent ethnologist.

Three distinct varieties of the great Hindi family of languages are to be found here,

  • two of them peculiar to the Punjab;
  • while Balochi, Kashmiri, Pashtu,
  • and many -of those curious bill dialects
  • which are often not separate languages
  • only because each is confined to the valleys of a single stream,
  • have their homes within its borders,
  • and Tibetan is spoken in the far mountains of Spiti.

A GLOSSARY OF THE TRIBES AND CASTES OF THE Punjab and North-West Frontier Province
Based on the Census Report for the Punjab, 1883, by the late Sir DENZIL IBBETSON, K.C.S.i., and the Census Report for the Punjab, 1 892, by the Hon. Mr. E. D. MacLAGAN, C.S.i., and complied by H. A. ROSE. pub. By LANGUAGE DEPARTMENT, PUNJAB will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one's immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.