Komagata Maru 1914
According to all accounts, when it was announced that the ship was going to Canada, its full 500 accommodations were booked, but when Gurdit Singh was arrested by Hong Kong authorities, almost two-thirds of the prospective passengers decided to cancel out. Gurdit Singh was released after having been held for three days and the ship sailed from Hong Kong on 4 April 1914, making intermediate stops to pick up more passengers at Shanghai, Moji and Yokohoma. When the Komagata Maru arrived at Vancouver on 23 May 1914, there were 376 Indians aboard the vessel, of whom all but 30 were Sikhs.
The progress of the Komagata Maru was reported in British Columbian papers as aWhen the ship arrived in Canadian waters, it was cordoned off and only 22 men who could prove their Canadian domicile were allowed to land. Pressure was brought to bear upon Gurdit Singh to pay the charter dues immediately or suffer the ship to be impounded. Gurdit Singh's protests that he could only pay the money after he had fulfilled his contract with the passengers by getting them into Canada and had sold the cargo which he had on board were ignored.
Sikhs in Canada raised $22,000 to pay for the charter. They appealed to the Canadian people and government for justice, sent telegrams to the King, the Duke of Connaught, the Viceroy, and Indian leaders in India and England. There were public meetings in several towns of the Punjab to express sympathy with the passengers of the Komagata Maru. The Shore Committee of Vancouver Sikhs ultimately took the case of the Komagata Maru to court. A full bench of the Supreme Court decided that the new orders-in-council barred judicial tribunals from interfering with the decisions of the Immigration department. The passengers took over control of the ship from the Japanese crew and refused to disembark. A cruiser threatened to fire oil them. After having been stalled in the sea for two months - a period of grave hardship for the passengers, the Komagata Maru slipped out into the pacific.
The travails of the Komagata Maru were not yet ended. None of her passengers was allowed to land at Hong Kong or Singapore, where several had their homes. Sikhs became rebels in the eyes of the government and when the ship docked at Budge-Budge, near Calcutta, on 29 September 1914, it was searched by police, but no arms were found. The passengers were ordered to board a train which was to take them to the Punjab. The Sikh passengers refused to obey government orders and forming themselves into a procession with the Guru Granth Sahib at the head of it, wended their way towards the city of Calcutta. British troops and police turned out and forced them back to the railway station where, owing to the high handedness of some European sergeants who interrupted the evening Sikh prayer the passengers were reciting on the platform, a clash took place. Nineteen of the Sikhs and two European officers and two men of the Punjab police were killed and a score of others wounded. Gurdit Singh and 28 of his companions escaped. The rest were rounded up and sent to the Punjab, where over 200 of them were interned under the Ingress Ordinance. The heroic deeds of the Komagata Maru men and their trials aroused the admiration and sympathy of the entire Indian nation.