Friday, November 24, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism


Pothi Sachkhand

POTHI SACH KHAND, by Sodhi Miharban (also written as Miharvan), is the first of the six pothis or volumes which are said to have comprised the first detailed janam sakhi or biography of Guru Nanak. Sodhi Miharban (1581-1640) was the son of Baba Prithi Chand and grandson of Guru Ram Das, Nanak IV. Of the six pothis he is believed to have written only three are extant today. They are Pothi Sach Khand, Pothi Hariji and Chaturbhuj Pothi. Pothi Sach Khand is available in manuscript form, both individually and bound together with the other two pothis. Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, has a manuscript copy of Pothi Sach Khand (accession No 83; undated) and another of all the three pothis bound together (accession No 954). The Sikh History Research Department of the Khalsa College, Amritsar, also has a manuscript copy (accession No 927) of the three pothis bound together. Another manuscript copy existed in the Sikh Reference Library, Amritsar, which got lost in the cataclysmic events of 1984. The manuscript at the Khalsa College, Amritsar, is a copy made in 1885 Bk/AD 1828 from another manuscript bearing 1837 Bk/ AD 1780 as its date, whereas the one at Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar (accession No 954) is a copy dated 1837 Bk/AD 1780. The first manuscript of these pothis came to light when Khalsa College, Amritsar, acquired it. The manuscript was then edited and published (1962) in two volumes under the title Janam Sdkhi Sn Guru Ndnak Dev Ji, with a lengthy introduction bringing out its literary, historical, linguistic and exegetical significance. The colophon at the end of the Khalsa College manuscript states that the six pothls together comprised 575 gostis. The Pothi Sack Khand, which originally had 167 gostis, has here a total of 153: the fact of the loss of gostis'wsis noted by the copyist as well. Maybe, they had been lost by the time the manuscript reached him. The colophon does not give any date of composition of the first copy of Pothi Sach Khand, though this information is available about the other two volumes, Pothi Hariji and Chaturbhuj Pothi, which, according to the copyist were completed in 1707 Bk/AD 1650 and Bk 1708/AD 1651, respectively.

Evidently, Pothi Sach Khand which comprises as much matter as the other two put together, might have taken two to three years to complete. According to Hariji, Cost Sri Satguru Miharbdn ji ki, the gostis pertaining to all the Gurus and Bhaktas, were composed during the lifetime ofMiharban. The copyist seems to suggest that the basic or original copy of these pothiswas prepared at Muhammadipur at the behest of Hariji and Chaturbhuj and that the whole corpus comprised discourses given by Miharban and put to pen by one Keshodas Brahman (vachanisriguru miharvan de likhat ji likhi bhai kesodas brahmanu sevaku guru da... gulam chatur bhoj ka... guru de hukam naii pothi sodhi).

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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