|1606||Guru Arjan Dev reached Lahore for martyrdom in protection of the Dharam. For 6 days he suffrede emmense tortures. At the time of martyrdom, Sai Mia Meer and a priest from Puratgal, Saint Jaerom Jaevier witnessed the martyrdom. |
-Ref. Amritsar Ji Dae Darshan Eshnan Utay 500 Sala Di Ethasak Directory, Satnam Singh Khalsa Advocate, pp. 67.
|1710||Baba Banda Singh Bahadur enters Sirhind city. |
==> BANDA SINGH BAHADHUR: born on KatakSudhi 13 sunmat 1727 to Rajput father Ramdev who was a resident of the Rajori village in Jammu. He was named Lashman Dev by his parents. Since childhood, he exhibited extremely fondness for sanskrit literature and hunting. However, he plunged into deep remorse after killing a pregnant deer. As a result he discarded all his hunting tools and became a disciple of Vaesnav JankiPrasad. He shed all his material wealth, started onto the seekers path for enlightenment, and adopted the new name, Madho Dass.
Wondering in search of enlightenment, when he traveled towards south India and reached the banks of Godawari, he fell in love with this beautiful new place. He established his Ashram and started living here. In sunmat 1765, when Guru Gobind Singh Ji reached Nandaedh, he was extremely impressed and influenced by Guru's preaching. He offered himself as "Satguru Da Banda" (Satguru's person). Guru Gobind Singh Ji introduced him to Amrit and changed his name to Gurbakash Singh. However, he remained popularly known in our Panth as "Banda".
To eradicate the prevalent injustices, Guru Gobind Singh sent Banda accompanied by the following five GurSikhs to Punjab:
Banda went to Punjab in sunmat 1765 accompanied with a Hukamnama from Guru Gobind Singh addressed to all the GurSikh. In this Hukamnama, Guru Gobind Singh asked GurSikhs to help Banda in his efforts. Before departure, Banda received three arrows from Guru Gobind Singh and the following instructions:
Upon reaching Punjab, Gurbakash Singh strictly followed Guru Sahib's instructions and successfully punish all who had previously mistreated the Khalsa Panth. On the 1st Hadh sunmat 1767, after conquering Sirhind, Wajir Khan was punished and eventually killed for the mistreatment of Sahibzadas.
However, Gurbakash Singh became popular among the Khalsa Panth, his self-godliness started awakening. As a result he started adopting and engaging in practices that were against Gurmat. In sunmat 1771, Banda Bahdhur expressed desires to establish his own Gadhi in Sri Harmindar Sahib and sought his self-worhsip. He started a new slogan of "Sachae Sahib ki Fateh" in contrast to the traditional "Vaaheguru Jee Kee Fateh". This resulted in a severe split among Khalsa Panth. Those following the principles as laid by Guru Gobind Singh came to known as "TattKhalsa" while the followers of Gurbakash Singh were known as "BandaiKhalsa". Today there are very few Bandai Sikhs. They do not believe in any other holy scriptures other than Sri Guru Granth Sahib. All their practice are according to Gurmat principles.
Eventually, Banda Bahadhur was cornered by the pursuing enemy forces at "Gurdaspur de Gadhi". It is also popularly known as Bhai Duni Chand di Hawaeli. After months of sustained attacks from AbdalSamadKhan and others with a force of over 20,000, Banda Bahadhur was arrested along with his companions and taken to Delhi. He accepted Shahadat on Chaet Sudhi 1st sunmat 1773.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh
|1960||Master Tara Singh and hundreds of Sikhs arrested.|
|1998||Darbara Singh died - first known casuality of India's nuclear explosion. |
Darbara Singh, who was appointed Governor of Rajasthan (India) just 24 days ago, died. He is the first known casuality of India's nuclear explosion. Darbara Singh had taken ill when he visited the site of the nuclear test at Pokhran with India's Prime Minister. He was a severe diabetic and had been advised to go to Delhi for treatment. According to family sources, Mr Singh's blood sugar level had shot up during his Pokhran visit where he suffered a mild stroke. He was rushed to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi for medical treatment. He suffered an heart attack at 1415 hrs today and died soon after. Doctors, however, declared him dead only at 1700 hrs. He was 71.
Darbara Singh was born on February 25, 1927 into a farmer's family at Chak 26 J B Village in Lyallpur district, now in Pakistan. He was native of the village Malsiyan, near Nakoddar in Punjab. An engineering graduate from Punjab Engineering College, Roorkee, he was a member or office bearer of various decision-making bodies, from the panchayat to the Lok Sabha. He joined the Quit India movement in 1942. He was elected chairman of the Panchayat Samiti Shahot (Jalandhar-Punjab) in 1964 and became member of the zilla parishad the same year. He won the Punjab assembly elections thrice -- in 1967, 1969 and 1972. He was first elected to the Punjab vidhan sabha in 1967 as an independent from Nakodar. In 1969 he became the Punjab Speaker and was renominated in 1972. He was a deputy minister in the Punjab government from 1968 to 1969. He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1996 from Jalandhar and during the 1997 Lok Sabha elections he offered the seat to former Prime Minister of India, I.K. Gujral.
Apart from politics, he remained very active in fields of education and social work. He was founder president of the Guru Nanak National College for boys and another for girls in Nakkodar in Jalandhar district.
-Source The Times of India, Monday 25 May 1998