Tenth Patshah, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
==> GURU GOBIND SINGH JI (1666-1708), tenth Patshah of
the Sikh faith, was born on Saturday, Dec. 22, 1666 at Patna
Sahib to father Guru Tegh Bahadhur Patshah and Matta Gujri.
On, Nov. 11, 1675, he assumed Guruship at Anandpur Sahib.
"Rahao Gur Gobind" Salok Mahala 9
Since early childhood, Guru Sahib was keen on weapons and
their use. It is for this reason, that Guru Sahib became a
scholar on weapons and mastered their usage, at a very early
age. Guru Sahib continually emphasized scholarly works throughout
his life. As a results, scholars around the world traveled
long distances to participate and receive honors in his courts.
He was always surrounded by renowned scholars. One of Guru
Sahib's objective was to translate all scholarly works in
Gurmukhi and commissioned several such translations. His vision
of Sikh Kaum included a communion of scholars. In an attempt
to turn Anandpur Sahib as the center of knowledge, Guru Sahib
actively encouraged and sent Sikhs to study at various renowned
institutions in the world.
To uplift the suppressed people, Guru Sahib instituted the
tradition of Amrit during Vaisakhi diwan of sunmat 1756 at
KeshGadh Sahib. Further he established a communion of Amritdharis
(who received Amrit) and called it "Khalsa". Guru
Sahib, himself was the sixth member of the Khalsa order. Witnessing
the false practices and prevalent injustices, Guru Sahib propagated
the message of Guru Nanak so vigorously that the neighboring
hill rulers felt threatened. Without understanding either
his message or appreciating his objectives, these rulers suddenly
turned enemies and attacked on several occasions. Each time
Guru Sahib had to fight for his defense.
In sunmat 1761, the Turk forces sought Guru Sahib to leave
Anandpur Sahib under promises that were proven false through
subsequent events. Once Guru Sahib was out of Anandpur Sahib,
he was attacked and suffered heavy losses. The hard work of
52 poets, accumulated over the years, along with several commissioned
translations was burned by the enemies of knowledge. However,
Guru Sahib patiently but bravely faced the enemy and escaped
into the neighboring forest. Here with his influence, Guru
Sahib turned this ghost land into Saint land and the forest
into civilized Malwa. With his message of patience and valor,
Guru Sahib preached the importance of sacrifice and true knowledge.
He had four sons from Mata Jeeto and Sundari, namely, Baba
Ajit Singh, Baba Zujar Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh, and Baba
Fateh Singh Ji. All four sacrificed their lives to protect
and further the growth of the institutional plant sown by
After bestowing Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Sahib
left this earth on Oct. 7, 1708, near the banks of Godawari
river in Nanded, Guru Gobind Singh bravely fulfilled the responsibilities
of Guruship and guided the Sikh Panth for 32 years, 10 months,
and 26 days. He spent a total of 41 years, 9 months, and 15
days during his visit to this earth.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh