Wednesday, December 13, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism

Glossary of Religious Terms In Alphabetical Order

Click on the alphabets below to go direct to that list
[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [R] [S] [T] [W] [Z]


Adi Granth
Adi means first, Adi Granth is the first edition of the Guru Granth Sahib as was compiled by Guru Arjun in 1604.
Akal Purukh
It means Timeless One, or The Being Beyond Time and is applied as a name of God.
Akhand Path
An uniterupted continous reading of the Guru Granth Sahib. It is undertaken by a team of readers and takes approximately 48 hours.
It means nectar. It is sugar water which is used during the Khalsa initiation ceremony.
Amrit Bani
A term applied to the Sikh Scriptures, meaning the words are as sweet as nectar (amrit).
Amrit Vaila
The early morning hours of dawn. This is considered an auspicious time for meditation and prayer as stressed by Guru Nanak.
According to Sikh Reht Maryada, any person who is initiated into Khalsa brotherhood is called Amrit Dhari. An Amrit Dhari has to wear five Kakars
The rite of initiation into the Khalsa brotherhood.
A state of bliss which defies description. It is also the name of a composition by Guru Amar Das found on pg. 917 of the Guru Granth Sahib.
Anand Karaj
The Sikh wedding ceremony.
Anand Sahib
Composition by Guru Amar Das found on page 917 of the Guru Granth Sahib. Parts of it are used in a number of Sikh ceremonies.
Anbhav Prakash
The enlightened perception of reality which is enjoyed by a person who has become a gurmukh.
Antim Ardas
The last of the Sikh funeral rites.
Wealth, it is acceptable to acqure wealth, but it should not become an end to itself.
Asa Di Var
A collection of hymns ment to be sung at dawn.
The soul which is considered immortal.
Ati Akhand Path
Bhai kahan Singh writes at page 5 of Mahan Kesh that Ali Akhand Path in the uninterrupted and continuous reading of Sri guru Granth Sahib by a reader (Pathi).


Back To Top

Babur Bani

References to the invasion of India by the Mughal emperor Babur found in the Guru Granth Sahib. God is said to have sent Babur as deaths messanger.
The celebration which takes place every April 13th. Guru Amardas initiated the annual gathering of Sikhs at Goindwal in 1567. In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa order on this day.
Compositions about the twelve months. By Guru Arjun in Raga Majh, by Guru Nanak in Raga Tukhari and by Guru Gobind Singh in Krishavtar.
An abbriviation of Gurbani, applied to any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib.
An appeal for assistance made to Sikhs world wide.


Bhagat means a Saint. In Sikhism, Bhagat generally denotes the devout Sikhs. This ward is also used for those contributors whose bani finds place in Sri guru Granth Sahib. Other than Bani of the Guru's,Sri Guru Granth Sahib contains Bani of the Bhagats without any discrimination. Whatever Bani is incorporated in Sri Guru Granth Sahib it is revered by the Sikhs at equal basis.
Bhagat Bani
Any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib which were not written by the Gurus.


Bhai literally means brother. In sikhs it is respectfully form of address called for brother. Learned sikhs and pious sikhs are acknowledged with the title of Bhai Sahib. It is used as synonymous to priests, Granthis and other employees working in Gurudwaras. It is also used as an ordinary title for al sikhs as Bhai Sahib.


Bhakti is devotion towards God. It is concentration of mind on the name of God. The main requisite for Bhakti are:- Love and Devotion, self control, truthful living and meditation on the name of God
The ceremony marking the conclusion of a Path.
Bole So Nihal
Part of the Sikh salutation meaning "anyone who speaks will be happy."
Buddha Dal
The 'army of veterans' formed by Nawab Kapur Singh in 1733 to look after Sikh holy places, preach and initiate new converts to the Khalsa order.


Back To Top
The canopy which is placed over the Guru Granth Sahib.
A poetical composition consisting of four lines in a specified meter.
Charan Pahul
Baptism ceremony involving the drinking of water which the Guru or a member of the Gurus family had dipped their feet in.

Chardi Kala

The inspiring spirit of Sikhs is called Chardi Kala. It affirms the positive and firm belief in the bright side of life and ever rising high spirit.
A four line stanza form used by some of the Gurus.
Yak hair or manmade fiber embedded in a metal placed in a wooden handle. It is cerimonially waved over the Guru Granth Sahib as a symbol of respect.
A disciple of the guru, used in the Guru Granth Sahib to refer to Sikhs.
Clothing of the Gurus. Also applied to the coverings of the nishan sahib at a gurdwara.


Back To Top


It means an art of giving as charity, alms, offering, reward for religious rite or ritual performance.
The Sikh devotees always pray to God for a trio gift:
1. Naam 2. Daan 3. Ishnan
Naam is remembrance of God's name.
Daan is giving in Charity to the deserving and needy persons.
Ishnan is cleaning of mind and body.

Dal Khalsa
The Khalsa army set up on Baisakhi day 1748 and divided up into 11 misls.
Dasam Granth
The book of writings of Guru Gobind Singh compiled after his death by Bhai Mani Singh and finished in 1734.
Giving of one-tenth of ones income to charity.
Deg Teg
The dual responsibility of the Panth to provide food and protection for the needy and opressed.
One who sings the praises of God.
Dharam Yudh
War in the defence of righteousness.
Religion or teaching or lifestyle, as in Sikh Dharma.
Indian festival also celebrated by Sikhs. From the time of Guru Amar Das onwards Sikhs annually gathered on this day. In 1577 the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib was also laid on this day.
Congregational worship where Guru Granth Sahib is present.
Verse form used commonly by Guru Nanak and Kabir consisting of stanzas of two rhyming lines.


Back To Top


One; God is one and second is none. Guru Gobind Singh Ji says that the type of ideal society contains neither class nor caste distinction. It is one.

Eka Kavao

One creative principle.


Eleventh Lunar day, 11th day of Lunar fortnight.


First day of Lunar fortnight.

Ekankar or Ekankar or Ek-Onkar

One absolute Being, One universal being. God is one. The one God.


Emanicipation or Mukti means freedom from bondage, liberation from the cycle of birth and death by seeking unity with God and this may be attained through good deeds and Naam Simran.


Back To Top


Eagle, Hawk, Baaz.

Farah/ Fani

End of existence, destruction, death.


A saint or devotee or a religious minded person who is devoted to meditation. The word is also used for Muslim renunciants.

Fara will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one's immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.