31st August

 

1923 Famous encounter at Babeli village between Babbar Akalis and the Police that left 4 Babbars killed.
1930 Baba Kharak Singh was brought on a stretcher to the SGPC meeting. He threatened to resign unless the Shiromani Akali Dal refused to fight under the Congress flag which did not include the Sikh color. He did not want the Sikhs to be taken for granted. The Punjab Provincial Congress Committee (PPCC) recommended the incorporation of the Sikh color in the national flag. But Jawaharlal Nehru, then Congress President, was amused and termed the PPCC decision as hasty and untimely.
1981 Marked the ultimatum date for acceptance of Sikh demands. This ultimatum was issued by Shiromani Akali Dal at the World Sikh Convention.
1995 Beant Singh, then 73-year-old chief minister of Punjab, was killed in a powerful car bomb blast at the high-security State Secretariat in Chandigarh, India. A dozen security personnel were also killed and 30 others injured as the blast blew off the Chief Minister's car to smithereens and damaged other vehicles. Under Beant Singh's chief ministership, Sikh youth were specifically targeted for elimination while the Indian goverment credited him with putting down terrorism and restoring peace in the State. The assasination showed that the committed bands of Sikh militants, fighting for an independent, Khalistan, were still capable of striking at select and well protected targets.