Today in Sikh History : 7th July
|1656||PRAKASH UTSAV, PATSHAHI EIGHTH, GURU HARKRISHAN JI.|
Eighth Patshah, Guru Harkrishan Ji enlightened this planet. He was born in Shish Mahal (Palace of Mirrors) at Kiratpur, district Hoshiarpur in Guru Har Rai and Matta Krishen Kaur’s home. Today is the actual date of Guru Sahib’s birth, although Guru Khalsa Panth observes it on a different date.
==> Guru HAR KRISHAN Patshah (1656-1668), was born on monday, Sawan 8 sunmat 1713 (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur, to father Sri Guru Har Rai Patshah and mother Matta Krishan Kaur. On Katak 8 sunmat 1718 (Oct. 7 1661), Guru Sahib ascended to Gur Gadhi. Based on the complaints of Baba Ram Rai, Guru Sahib were summoned to Aurangzeb’s court in Delhi. While in Delhi, Guru Sahib suffered from small pox (Chaechak) and subsequently left for heavenly abode on Vaisak 3 sunmat 1721 (March 30, 1664). Two historical Gurudwaras marking Guru Sahib’s visit to Delhi include Balla Sahib and Bangla Sahib.
Guru Har Krishan, served as the eighth Guru of GurSikhism for a total of 2 years, 5 months and 26 days. Guru Sahibs’s entire journey through our planet totaled to 7 years, 8 months, and 26 days.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)
|1799||Maharaja Ranjit Singh wrested the control of Lahore from Bhangi confederacy and hosted the Kesri Flag.|
Sher-i-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh captured Lahore with the aid of his mother-in-law Sada Kaur. He wrested the control from Bhangi confederacy and hosted the Kesri Flag. Shortly afterwards, he became the Maharaja of Punjab.
==> SADA KAUR – Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s mother-in-law and Maharani Matab Kaur’s mother, widow of Kanaiya Misl’s Sardar GurBakash Singh. After her husband’s death, she took charge of the misl and quickly became popular as a result of her bravery and intellect. She used all her powers and forces to help her son-in-law for a long period. However, in 1821 some misundertsandings developed her and her son-in-law and eventually lost her misl. Her daughter, Matab kaur was mother of Maharaja Sher Singh.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 151)
|1856||Bhai Maharaja Singh died in Singapore. He single-handedly carried the Sikh struggle after the annexation of Punjab by the British. The anarchy preceeding the annexation of Punjab by the British and the bloody wars stifled the will of the Sikhs and they failed to resist the annexation of their kingdom. However, it was Bhai Maharaja Singh who carried the struggle single handed. He planned to take away Maharaja Dalip Singh from Lahore Fort and start the freedom struggle in the Bist of Jullundur Doab in his name. But he was caught unaware in an enclosure near Adampur on the basis of information given by a Muslim informer to Mr. Vansittart, The then, Deputy Commissioner of Lullundar. This lead to his deportation to Singapore, where he dies on this day.|
-Ref. Babbar Akali Movement – A Historical Survey, by Dr. Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.
|1878||Birthday, Bhai Sahib Randhir Singh Ji.|
|1923||SGPC sends first Enquiry Committee to probe the excesses by the police in the Doaba.|
|1925||SGPC assumes control of Gurudwaras. Gurudwara Sudar movement, that attempted to release Gurudwaras from the clutches of evil pujaris, mahants, etc., was successfully concluded after continuous five years effort that accounted for numerous sacrifices and shaheedhis. Punjab Legislature finally passed the Gurudwara act and handed over the control of Gurudwaras to Panthic Jathaebandhi (SGPC).|
|1946||Jawaharlal Nehru issued false statements to Sikhs.|
Pandit Jaeaharlal Nehru states in a press conference held in Calcutta:
On yet another occasion Nehru states:
Subsequently, history has shown these statements to be false promised and delibrate deception for the Sikhs.