Friday, December 09, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

 

10th February

1760 Baba Deep Singh having learned of denegration of Harmandir Sahib and Amritsar sarowar at the hands of Jahankhan. performed ardas for his shahadat.
Purja Purja Kut Maray Kabahu Na Shadu Khaet ||
-Sri Guru Granth Sahib pp. 1105
Baba Nodh Singh, Baba Gurbakhash Singh, the brave Jathedhars were with Baba Deep Singh. A fierce battle errupted. The sky was filled with echos of Jarkaras. Baba Deep Singh used his double-edged sword. Gamaal Khan was killed at Gohalwadh while Baba Deep Singh's head got severed from his body. Baba Deep Singh picked up his head and continued fighting with his head placed on his left hand and advanced to Chattiwind. When Baba Ji found himself seiged by the enemy, he threw his head towards Sri Harmandir Sahib which reached its parkarama. Thus Baba Deep Singh accetped Shahadat on Feb. 11, 1760.

-Ref. Amritsar Ji Dae Darshan Eshnan Utay 500 Sala Di Ethasak Directory, Satnam Singh Khalsa Advocate, pp. 61.

1846 The Khalsa forces fought British forces in the battle of Sabhraon. It is during this battle that the brave Khalsa General, Sardar Sham Singh of Attari, fell fighting and accepted shahadat. During this war, the Khalsa forces suffered heavy losses, mainly due to internal dissension. The Sikh army deprived of ammunition and rations, crossed Sutlej at Sobraon. British made three attacks and were repulsed. Lal Singh and Tej Singh ran away from the battle field as planned with the British. Gulab Singh came and started negotiations with the British to the detriment of Sikh interests. Lal Singh cut off the boat bridge so that Sikh army could neither get any reinforcement nor could retreat back. Under such circumstances the British won and the Sikhs lost. The Sikh army stood defeated and thus came the most inglorious end of a most glorious army of the Khalsa. This was the last battle between the British and the Sikhs.

NOTE:- further details on this battle and a brief biographical sketch on Sardar Sham Singh Attari is sought

==>ATTARI: a city in Amritsar District, which is famous for one of its residence, DharamVeer, and Khalsa RajBhagat Sham Singh. Sham Sing was one of the well-respected and recognized generals of the Khalsa forces. He was uniquely a symbol of the unflinching will of the Khalsa, Sham Singh fell in the Sabhraon war while bravely fighting the enemy forces. Sham Singh's daughter, Nanaki, was married to Maharaja Ranjit Singh's grandson, Naunihal Singh, on march of 1837.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh.

1923 Bishan Singh Zaildar of Rani Thua is muredered.

 

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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