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Sikh Festivals

The Sikh Calendar :Gurupurabs and Festival Dates

The Sikh Calendar

The Sikh Calendar

Until the 13th of March, 1998, the Sikhs used a Hindu lunar calendar to determine their feast days. They now use their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March 1999 Gregorian (1 Chet 531 Nanakshahi ) and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. The era (1 Chet 1 Nanakshahi) is the date of the birth of the 1st Guru, Nanak Dev, in the Punjab in 1469. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organization states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar.

Baramaha

Baramaha is the name of composition in Sri Guru Granth Sahib which mention the twelve months (Indian names of the months) in a Calender year. Famous Baramaha composed by guru Arjan Dev Ji in Rag Majh is generally read in Gurudwaras on the day of Sangrand. Guru NanakDev Ji also composed Baramaha in Reg Tukhari.
Baramaha is a form of folk poetry in which the emotions and yearnings of the human heart are expressed in terms of changing moods of Nature over the twelve months period.

Sikh Month Begins
Chet March 14
Vaisakh April 14
Jeth May 15
Harh June 15
Sawan July 16
Bhadon August 16
Sikh Month Begins
Asu September 15
Katik October 15
Maghar November 14
Poh December 14
Magh January 13
Phagan February 12

Gurupurabs

The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs (festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus) except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi. Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays and are marked in bold type.
Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads (hymns). These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes. The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs) is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival. The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag). Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession. Free sweets and langar (community lunches) are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Sikhs visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) where special programmes are arranged and kirtans (religious songs) sung. Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.

Nanakshahi Calendar (Fixed dates)Gurpurabs

Gurupurab Guru Sahib Nanakshahi CE
Parkash Utsav Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
23 Poh
5 Jan
Parkash Utsav Guru Har Rai Sahib
19 Magh
31 Jan
Gurgadi Guru Har Rai Sahib
1 Chet
14 Mar
Nanakshahi New Year
1 Chet
14 Mar
Hola Muhalla
1 Chet
14 Mar
Jotijot Guru Hargobind Sahib
6 Chet
19 Mar
Parkash Guru Nanak Sahib *
1 Vaisakh
14 Apr
Khalsa Day – Vaisakhi
1 Vaisakh
14 Apr
Jotijot Guru Angad Sahib
3 Vaisakh
16 Apr
Gurgadi Guru Amar Das Sahib
3 Vaisakh
16 Apr
Jotijot Guru Harkrishan Sahib
3 Vaisakh
16 Apr
Gurgadi Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
3 Vaisakh
16 Apr
Parkash Guru Angad Sahib
5 Vaisakh
18 Apr
Parkash Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
5 Vaisakh
18 Apr
Parkash Guru Arjun Sahib
19 Vaisakh
2 May
Parkash Guru Amar Das Sahib
9 Jeth
23 May
Gurgadi Guru Hargobind Sahib
28 Jeth
11 Jun
Martyrdom Guru Arjun Sahib
2 Harh
16 Jun
Parkash Guru Hargobind Sahib
21 Harh
5 Jul
Miri-Piri Day Guru Hargobind Sahib
6 Sawan
21Jul
Parkash Guru Harkrishan Sahib
8 Sawan
23Jul
First Parkash Guru Granth Sahib
17 Bhadon
1 Sep
Jotijot Guru Amar Das Sahib
2 Asu
16 Sep
Gurgadi Guru Ramdas Sahib
2 Asu
16 Sep
Jotijot Guru Ramdas Sahib
2 Asu
16 Sep
Gurgadi Guru Arjun Sahib
2 Asu
16 Sep
Gurgadi Guru Angad Sahib
4 Asu
18Sep
Jotijot Guru Nanak Sahib
8Asu
22 Sep
Parkash Guru Ramdas Sahib
25 Asu
9 Oct
Jotijot Guru Har Rai Sahib
6 Katik
20 Oct
GurgadiGuru Harkrishan Sahib
6 Katik
20 Oct
Gurgadi Guru Granth Sahib
6 Katik
20 Oct
Jotijot Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
7Katik
21 Oct
Gurgadi Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
11 Maghar
24 Nov
Martyrdom Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
11 Maghar
24 Nov
Martyrdom Elder Sahibzadas
8 Poh
21 Dec
Martyrdom Younger Sahibzadas
13 Poh
26 Dec

Movable Dates (Change Every Year)

Year Parkash Guru Nanak Sahib Hola Mohalla Bandi Chhor Divas Birthday Bhagat Kabeer Birthday Bhagat Naam Dev Birthday Bhagat Ravidas
2020
Monday, November 30, 2020
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Saturday, November 14, 2020
Friday, June 5, 2020
Wednesday, November 25, 2020
Sunday, February 9, 2020
2021
Friday, November 19, 2021
Monday, March 29, 2021
Thursday, November 4, 2021
Thursday, June 24, 2021
Sunday, November 14, 2021
Saturday, February 27, 2021
2022
Tuesday,November 8, 2022
Saturday, March 19, 2022
Monday, October 24, 2022
Tuesday, June 14, 2022
Friday, November 4, 2022
Wednesday, February 16, 2022
2023
Monday, November 27, 2023
Wednesday, March 8, 2023
Sunday, November 12, 2023
Sunday, June 4, 2023
Thursday, November 23, 2023
Sunday, February 5, 2023
2024
Friday, November 15, 2024
Tuesday, March 26, 2024
Thursday, October 31, 2024
Saturday, June 22, 2024
Tuesday, November 12, 2024
Saturday, February 24, 2024
2025
Wednesday, November 5, 2025
Saturday, March 15, 2025
Monday, October 20, 2025
Wednesday, June 11, 2025
Sunday, November 2, 2025
Wednesday, February 12, 2025
2026
Tuesday, November 24, 2026
Wednesday, March 4, 2026
Sunday, November 8, 2026
Monday, June 29, 2026
Friday, November 20, 2026
Sunday, February 1, 2026
2027
Sunday, November 14, 2027
Tuesday, March 23, 2027
Friday, October 29, 2027
Friday, June 18, 2027
Wednesday, November 10, 2027
Saturday, February 20, 2027
2028
Thursday, November 2, 2028
Saturday, March 11, 2028
Tuesday, October 17, 2028
Wednesday, June 7, 2028
Saturday, October 28, 2028
Thursday, February 10, 2028
2029
Tuesday, November 20, 2029
Thursday, March 1, 2029
Monday, November 5, 2029
Tuesday, June 26, 2029
Friday, November 16, 2029
Tuesday, January 30, 2029
2030
Sunday, November 10, 2030
Wednesday, March 20, 2030
Saturday, October 26, 2030
Saturday, June 15, 2030
Tuesday, November 5, 2030
Monday, February 18, 2030
2031
Friday, November 28, 2031
Monday, March 10, 2031
Friday, November 14, 2031
Thursday, June 5, 2031
Monday, November 24, 2031
Friday, February 7, 2031
2032
Wednesday, November 17, 2032
Saturday, March 27, 2032
Tuesday, November 2, 2032
Wednesday, June 23, 2032
Saturday, November 13, 2032
Thursday, February 26, 2032
2033
Sunday, November 6, 2033
Thursday, March 17, 2033
Saturday, October 22, 2033
Sunday, June 12, 2033
Thursday, November 3, 2033
Monday, February 14, 2033
2034
Saturday, November 25, 2034
Monday, March 6, 2034
Friday, November 10, 2034
Friday, June 2, 2034
Wednesday, November 22, 2034
Friday, February 3, 2034
2035
Thursday, November 15, 2035
Saturday, March 24, 2035
Tuesday, October 30, 2035
Wednesday, June 20, 2035
Sunday, November 11, 2035
Thursday, February 22, 2035
2036
Monday, November 3, 2036
Thursday, March 13, 2036
Sunday, October 19, 2036
Sunday, June 8, 2036
Thursday, October 30, 2036
Monday, February 11, 2036
2037
Sunday, November 22, 2037
Monday, March 2, 2037
Saturday, November 7, 2037
Saturday, June 27, 2037
Wednesday, November 18, 2037
Saturday, January 31, 2037
2038
Thursday, November 11, 2038
Sunday, March 21, 2038
Wednesday, October 27, 2038
Thursday, June 17, 2038
Sunday, November 7, 2038
Friday, February 19, 2038
2039
Wednesday, November 30, 2039
Friday, March 11, 2039
Tuesday, November 15, 2039
Monday, June 6, 2039
Saturday, November 26, 2039
Wednesday, February 9, 2039
2040
Sunday, November 18, 2040
Thursday, March 29, 2040
Sunday, November 4, 2040
Sunday, June 24, 2040
Wednesday, November 14, 2040
Monday, February 27, 2040

Other Important Days

Chet
1 Chet / 14 March – Nanakshahi New Year Day
2 Chet / 15 March – S. Baghel Singh’s conquest of Delhi
12 Chet / 25 March – Shaheedi Bhai Subeg Singh, Bhai Shahbaz Singh
27 Chet / 9 April – Birthday Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji

Vaisakh
1 Vaisakh / 14 April (Vaisakhi) – Birth Anniversary of Khalsa

Jeth
3 Jeth / 17 May – Chhota Ghallughara
21 Jeth / 4 June – 1984 Ghallughara (Attack on Sri Akal Takht Sahib)
23 Jeth / 6 June – Shaheedi Sant Baba Jarnail Singh Ji

Harh
11 Harh / 25 June – Shaheedi Baba Banda Singh Ji Bahadur
15 Harh / 29 June – Barsi Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji
25 Harh / 9 July – Shaheedi Bhai Mani Singh Ji

Sawan
1 Sawan / 16 July – Shaheedi Bhai Taru Singh Ji
24 Sawan / 8 August – Morcha Guru Ka Bagh

Bhadon
15 Bhadon / 30 August 2004 – Mela Baba Bakala

Assu
17 Assu / 1 October – Foundation Day Singh Sabha
21 Assu / 5 October – Mela Beerh Baba Buddha Ji

Katik
8 Katik / 22 October 2004 – Khalsa Darbar
14 Katik / 28 October – Foundation Day Chief Khalsa Diwan
14 Katik / 28 October – Saka Panja Sahib
18 Katik / 1 November – Punjabi Suba Day
30 Katik / 13 November – Shaheedi Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed

Maghar
1 Maghar / 14 November – Foundation Day SGPC
11 Maghar / 24 November – Shaheedi Bhai Mati Das Ji, and Bhai Sati Das Ji
15 Maghar / 28 November – Birthday Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji
19 Maghar / 2 December – Shaheedi Baba Gurbakhsh Singh Ji
29 Maghar / 12 December – Birthday Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji
30 Maghar / 13 December – Foundation Day Shromani Akali Dal

Poh
8 Poh / 21 December – Shaheedi Sahibzada Ajit Singh, Sahibzada Jujhar Singh , and other Shaheeds of Chamkaur Sahib —- 300th Anniversary
8 Poh / 21 December – Shaheedi Baba Jeevan Singh Ji
13 Poh / 26 December – Shaheedi Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, Sahibzada Fateh Singh, and Mata Gujri Ji’s passing away —- 300th Anniversary
Magh
1 Magh / 13 January – Mela Maghi Muktsar
1 Magh / 13 January – Foundation Day Sri Harimandar Sahib
7 Magh / 19 January – Morcha for Keys
25 Magh / 6 February – Mela Kottha Sahib
27 Magh / 8 February – Great Holocast
30 Magh / 11 February – Birthday Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji

Phagun
10 Phagun / 21 February – Saka Nankana Sahib
10 Phagun / 21 February – Jaito Morcha

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