Sixth Patshah, Guru Hargobind Ji.
==> Guru HAR GOBIND PATSHAH (1595-1644) was born on Hadh 21 sunmat
1652 (June 14, 1595) to father Sri Guru Arjan Dev Patshah and mother
Matta Ganga Ji, in village Vadhali. He received his religious education
from Baba Budha Ji. Guru Sahib married three time:
Guru Sahib had five sons (Baba Gurditta Ji, Suraj Mal, Aani Rai, Atal Rai, and Guru Teg Bahadhur Ji) and one daughter (Bhiro). On Jaeth 29 sunmat 1663 (May 25 1606), while ascended to Guru Gadhi, Guru Har Gobind Patshah changed the previous tradition of wearing Saeli toppi (cap) and replaced it with wearing Kalgi. At the same time, he started the tradition of wearing two swords of Miri Piri. Observing the prevalent conditions of the nation at that time, Guru Sahib started teaching self-protection skills along with the religious preaching.
When the Akbar's policy of assimilation changed to Jahagir's propaganda
against the Sikhs, resulting in the martyrdom of Sri Guru Arjan
Dev Patshah, Guru Har Gobind Patshah urged his followers to pick
up weapons for their self-protection. He preached self-protection
along with his religious message. Upon hearing this, Jahagir arrested
and jailed Guru Sahib in Gawalior fort. However, instead of losing
popularity, as expected by Jahagir, this action immensely increased
the popularity and following of Guru Sahib. Many renowned muslims
issued a call for Guru Sahib's release. As a result, Jahagir not
only released Guru Sahib but actively sought to establish some level
of friendship. However, when Shahjahan came to power in sunmat 1685,
the government policy went strongly against the Sikhs. As a result,
Guru Sahib fought the following four wars with the mughal forces:
Guru Sahib left this materialistic world for heavenly abode on Chaet 7 sunmat 1701 (March 3, 1644) after serving as the sixth Guru of GurSikhism for a total of 37 years, 10 months, and 7 days. Guru Sahib's entire journey through this planet amounted to 48 years, 8 months, and 15 days. Guru Har Rai Patshah ascended to Guru Gadhi after Guru Har Gobind. Arjan Har Gobind Nu Simaro Sri Har Rai (Chandhi 3)
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)
Nagoke killed in fake encounter. This murder marked the begining of
the era of fake encounters.
Kulwant Singh' s murder was the first instance. His body was taken to the hospital for postmortem. It was then the police began an era of fake encounter murders of Sikhs. In all these cases the police did not hand over the bodies of the dead persons because from the postmortem reports the reality would have come before the world. Some of these have been disclosed by police officials themselves: Jasdev Singh and Sukhdev Singh, both of the village of Kot Isse Khan (near Moga), were arrested and taken to the police station to extract some information from them. They were stripped and their stomachs were cut open by pincers and their intestines were taken out while they were still alive. Later, their eyes were gouged out with a knife. Both of them were killed in a fake encounter and their bodies were quietly cremated by the police so that no evidence of torture could be traced.
Killing of a Sikh in a Rickshaw: Balwant Singh, A young Sikh man, was going to the Darbar Sahib in a rickshaw. A Deputy Superintendent of Police, Lajwant Singh, took out his pistol and shot him dead without cause.
Sikh Granthi Killed: Darshan Singh, a Granthi of Darbar Sahib, was walking home after reciting his prayer. He was shot dead by the Central Reserve Police (CRP) without cause.
-Ref. THE SIKHS' STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119
|1982||15 Beedhs of Sri Guru Granth Sahib were burned at village Makha, district Bathinda.|
|1984||Dal Khalsa announced its Government in Exile.|
|1984||Dawinder Singh Garcha, an Congress(I) member for Ludhiana, resigned his position in protest of Indian Army's attack on Darbar Sahib, Amritsar.|