Wednesday, December 07, 2016
Gateway to Sikhism

 

19th July

 

1708 Guru Gobind Singh Ji arrived at Nandedh (Hazur Sahib) with his Sikh soldiers and set up his camp there near the Mughal camp. Here he met Banda Bairagi who became his devout disciple. The Guru was treacherously attacked by some Pathan agents of the Governor of Sarhind or the Mughal emperor.

==> ABICHAL NAGAR - situated near Nandedh city in South India, on the banks of river Godawari, is the famous place where Guru Gobind Singh left his earthly body on Katak Sudi 5, sunmat 1765.

According to Suhi Shant phrase
"Abichal Nagar Gobind Guru Ka",
Guru Khalsa named this Gurudwara as Abichal Nagar. However, it is popularly known as "Hajur Sahib" and marks the fourth Takhat of Khalsa. Several weapons of Guru Gobind Singh are presereved at this location including :-

Chakar
wide Taegh
Folaadh
Guraj
Narach
five decorated Sri Sahibs
small kirpan
Additionally several other historical weapons are preserved at this location.

Other Gurudwara in Nandaedh include:

Shikar Ghat, on south side of Nandaedh, that served as a resting place during Guru Sahib's hunting expeditions
Sangat Sahib, place where Guru Sahib preached the gathered public upon reaching Nandhaedh
Hira Ghat, south of Nandaedh, on the banks of Godawari river that marks the location where Guru Sahib threw away a beautiful diamond into the river, which was presented to him by Bahadhur Shah.
Gobind Bagh, a place for Guru Sahib's infrequent visits
Nagina Ghat, on banks of river Godawari where Guru Sahib threw away the Nagina presented by Sikhs into the river.
Banda Ghat, place where Madho Das Baeragi resided. Guru Gobind Singh visited this place and introduced Madho Das to Sikhism. Subsequently, Madho Das came to be known as Banda Bahadhur.
Matta Sahib Kaur's residence, which is near Hira Ghat. Matta Ji accompanied Guru Gobind Singh Sahib to South India. During her trip she resided at this location for some time. However, she left for Delhi, following Guru Sahib's instruction, shortly before Guru Sahib's Jotti Joot.
Malltokadhi, a place north of Nandedh where Guru Sahib unearthed the hidden treasures to pay his solidiers. The remaining treasure was hidden by Guru Sahib at this location.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 70)

==> GURU GOBIND SINGH JI (1666-1708), tenth Patshah of the Sikh faith, was born on Saturday, Dec. 22, 1666 at Patna Sahib to father Guru Tegh Bahadhur Patshah and Matta Gujri. On, Nov. 11, 1675, he assumed Guruship at Anandpur Sahib.
<"Rahao Gur Gobind" Salok Mahala 9

Since early childhood, Guru Sahib was keen on weapons and their use. It is for this reason, that Guru Sahib became a scholar on weapons and mastered their usage, at a very early age. Guru Sahib continually emphasized scholarly works throughout his life. As a results, scholars around the world traveled long distances to participate and receive honors in his courts. He was always surrounded by renowned scholars. One of Guru Sahib's objective was to translate all scholarly works in Gurmukhi and commissioned several such translations. His vision of Sikh Kaum included a communion of scholars. In an attempt to turn Anandpur Sahib as the center of knowledge, Guru Sahib actively encouraged and sent Sikhs to study at various renowned institutions in the world.

To uplift the suppressed people, Guru Sahib instituted the tradition of Amrit during Vaisakhi diwan of sunmat 1756 at KeshGadh Sahib. Further he established a communion of Amritdharis (who received Amrit) and called it "Khalsa". Guru Sahib, himself was the sixth member of the Khalsa order. Witnessing the false practices and prevalent injustices, Guru Sahib propagated the message of Guru Nanak so vigorously that the neighboring hill rulers felt threatened. Without understanding either his message or appreciating his objectives, these rulers suddenly turned enemies and attacked on several occasions. Each time Guru Sahib had to fight for his defense.

In sunmat 1761, the Turk forces sought Guru Sahib to leave Anandpur Sahib under promises that were proven false through subsequent events. Once Guru Sahib was out of Anandpur Sahib, he was attacked and suffered heavy losses. The hard work of 52 poets, accumulated over the years, along with several commissioned translations was burned by the enemies of knowledge. However, Guru Sahib patiently but bravely faced the enemy and escaped into the neighboring forest. Here with his influence, Guru Sahib turned this ghost land into Saint land and the forest into civilized Malwa. With his message of patience and valor, Guru Sahib preached the importance of sacrifice and true knowledge.

He had four sons from Mata Jeeto and Sundari, namely, Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Zujar Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh, and Baba Fateh Singh Ji. All four sacrificed their lives to protect and further the growth of the institutional plant sown by Guru Sahib.

After bestowing Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Sahib left this earth on Oct. 7, 1708, near the banks of Godawari river in Nanded, Guru Gobind Singh bravely fulfilled the responsibilities of Guruship and guided the Sikh Panth for 32 years, 10 months, and 26 days. He spent a total of 41 years, 9 months, and 15 days during his visit to this earth.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh

1982 The police arrested two Sikhs from a bus and later they were killed (on July l9 and July 23 respectively) in fake encounters. These two were Amarjeet Singh of Daheru village and Baljeet Singh of Sultanpur (Kapurthala). The later was shaved after being murdered by the police.

Kashmir Singh of Ladhuwal (Jallalabad) and Bhola Singh of Rode (Moga) were arrested by police. Their bodies were broken with sticks. Most of their limbs were either broken or cut by the police. Later they were killed in fake police encounters. It is extremely lucky on the part of the police that no policemen has ever been killed or injured in any of these 'encounters'.

-Ref. THE SIKHS' STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective by Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119

 

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The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
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