Saturday, December 16, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism

Holmes, John
A Eurasian Soldier of Fortune (d. 1848))

Who started his career as a trumpeter in the Bengal Horse Artillery. In September 1829, he left the British, and joined Maharaja Ranjit Singh's army as a gunner, eventually rising to the rank of colonel. He took part in the battle of Peshawar (1834) and the battle of Jamrud (1837). He accompanied General Ventura on his hill campaign of 1840-41, and helped the British in forcing their way through the Khaibar Pass in 1842. He had also served in a civilian capacity as kardar (revenue officer) of Gujrat for two years (1835-36).

John Holmes had simultaneously been acting as a British spy and supplying secret information to the Ludhiana Political Agency. After the first Anglo-Sikh war, he was, as a reward for his services, retained in the Sikh army when most of the other European officers were given their discharge. He was posted at Bannu where, in October 1848, the Sikh troops under his command mutinied and killed him for his treasonable conduct.

Source: TheSikhEncyclopedia.Com will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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