Thursday, November 23, 2017
Gateway to Sikhism

Bhai Kalu Mehta

Bhai Kalu Mehta (1440-1522) who was also known as Kalian Chand, Kalu Rai, Mahita Kalu was a Patwari by profession - an accountant of land revenue in the government. Kalu Mehta was the father of Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism. Kalu ji was married to Mata Tripta who was the daughter of Baba Rama and Mata Banarasi of Chahal, a village near Lahore. They had two children - a daughter called Bibi Nanaki born in 1464 and a son called Nanak, who was born in 1469.

Mehta Kalu was born in a village called Patthevind, now the site of Gurdwara Dera Sahib, 10 km east of Naushahra Pannuan in present-day Amritsar district of Punjab. Before the birth of Nanak, the family moved to Talvandi Rai Bhoi Ki, now known as Nankana Sahib, in presentday Sheikliupura district of Pakistan. Here Baba Shiv Ram became the village patwari or keeper of revenue records, a post occupied by Mehta Kalu after his father's death.

Kalu Mehta is the tree from which the seeds of sikhism emanated in the form of the first sikh guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Mehta Kalu was a Hindu Bedi, a caste that is supposed to be well versed in the Vedas. Baba Kalian Chand died in 1522 at Kartarpur, a town founded by Guru Nanak on the right bank of the River Ravi.

Like most other religions, Sikhism teaches universal brotherhood and initially taught noble principles of equality of man and equal right of women in a society which was riddled with caste barriers and low standard of living for women.


1. Sanlokh Sirigh, Bhai, Sn Gur Pratap Suraj Granth. Amritsar, 1927-33
2. Vir- Singh, Bhai, ed., Puratan Janam Sakhi. Amritsar, 1971
3. Kohli, Surindar Sirigh, cd., Janamsakhi Bhai Bala. Chandigarh, 1975
4. McLeod, Will., Early Sikh Tradition. Oxfoid, 1980
5. Harbans Singh, Guru Nanak and Ongins of the Sikh Faith. Bombay, 1969
6. Macaiiliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909 will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.

The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.
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