Today in Sikh History – 13th September
|1604||The Holy Sri Guru GRANTH SAHIB was ceremonially installed in Sri Harmindir Sahib, Amritsar. Baba Buddha Ji was appointed the first priest.
==> BABA BUDHA JI: born on 7 katak sanmat 1563 at Kathunangal (Dist. Amritsar) to father Sudhae and mother Gora. Parents named the child as Budda. In sanmat 1574, Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited Kathunangal village. While grazing cattle, Budda met Guru Nanak and served milk in sewa. During their conversation, Guru Nanak declared that though young in age, he was "Budha" in terms of understanding and wisdom. Since then he came to known as Budha.
Budha adopted Sikh faith and lived an exemplary GurSikh living. As a result he came to respectfully known as "Baba Budha" and righteously earned some of the highest Gurughar honors. In sanmat 1661, he was bestowed the honor of being the first Granthi (head priest) of the holy Harminder Sahib after installation of the holy Guru Granth Sahib there for the first time. He had the privilege to serve, enjoy the company, and receive blessing of first six Gurus. Guru Har Gobind Sahib learned gurmukhi from Baba Budha. Since Guru Angad Dev Ji period and until Guru Har Gobind Sahib, Baba Budha was responsible for tilak during the gur gadhi ceremonies.
Finally on 18 Maghar Sanmat 1688, Baba Budha Ji passed away in village Ramdas (Dist. Amritsar). Guru Har Gobind personally conducted the cremation and last rituals. At the place of cremation, a beautiful Mandir named "SachKhand", was established.
Since Sujan Singh Ji did not have any children, Baba Budha’s Gadhi came under the control of Udasi Pracharaks, which is as follows:
Present generations from Baba Buddha’s brothers still flourish in Badhae Ramdaspurae.
|1670||Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji released from prison.|
|1922||Rev. C.F. Andrews witnessed the police brutality at Guru-Ka-Bagh.
Rev. C.F. Andrews witnessed first hand the police brutalities againsts GurSikhs. He saw GurSikhs receiving blows from the police lathis at Guru-Ka-Bagh and observed "The brutality and inhumanity of the whole scene was indescribably increased by the fact that the Sikhs who were hit were praying and had taken vow that they would remain peaceful in word and deed. A new heroism, learnt through suffering, has arisen in the land."
==> GURU KA BAGH gurudwara was under the control of Mahant Sundar Dass. He had agreed to serve under a committee of eleven members appointed by the SGPC on August 23, 1921, but the land remained under his possession. The Sikhs used to hew wood from the land for common kitchen and Mahant, under instigation from others, lodged a complaint against the Akalis. The government was on the outlook for opportunities to retrieve its prestige, lost in the Key’s affait. On Aug. 9, 1922, five Akali Sewadars were arrested for cutting wood for Guru Ka Langar from Guru Ka Bagh. Subsequently a morcha was launched to seek the release of the five GurSikhs.
From Aug. 23 until Sept. 13, the government sided with the Mahant and ruthelessly lathi-charged the visiting Jathas. The violent use of force on the non-violent Akalis had great impact in and outside the Punjab. The Government brutality was condemned. The police beat the Akalis with iron-tipped rods and batons, till blodd began to flow and the brave GurSikhs fell unconcious. The insults heaped up on the Akalis were unbearable. They were given inhuman punishments and their religious symbols were desecrated and hair pulled out. The effect of all this on thousands of GurSikhs was tremendous, resulting in deep seated hatred against the British rulers and the Sikhs lost all faith in non-violence. The Babbar Akali movement took its final shape during this Morcha. The courage and persistent of Sikhs became world renouned during this period. From Sept. 13 until Nov. 17, Sikhs courted arrests. Finally, the government gave in and on Nov. 17, 1922, all Sikh demands were accepted and the agitation was successfully concluded. During this agitation 5605 Sikhs courted arrest including 35 members of the SGPC, over a dozen Sikhs accepted shahidi and thousands were injured.
-Ref. "Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey," by Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.
|1923||SGPC’s second Enquiry Committee to investigate the Doaba excesses was arrested by the Police.|
|1926||Orderes previously declaring the Sharomani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee (SGPC) and Sharomani Akali Dal as unlawful bodies were withdrawn by the Punjab Government.|
|1931||Master Tara Singh led a Jatha of 100 Akalis in the Gurudwara Daska Morcha.
==> MASTER TARA SINGH: Master Tara Singh was born on 24 June, 1885, in Haryal in Rawalpindi district of North Western Province of undivided India. His mother, Moolan Devi, was a pious lady and his father, Bakshi Gopi Chand, was a patwari of the village and was a well known and respected person. Tara Singh’s original name was Nanak Chand. In 1902 Nanak Chand embraced Sikhism and came to be called Tara Singh.
Tara Singh had a bright educational career and was a scholarship holder almost at all stages of his education. In 1907 he passed his B. A. examination from Khalsa College, Amritsar. Later Tara Singh joined as headmaster of Khalsa High School, Lyallpur, at an honorarium of Rs. 15 per month. Since then he came to be known as Master Tara Singh. His career as a teacher ended in 1921, following the Nankana tragedy.
He also edited two Akali newspapers, Akali (Udru) and Akali te Pardesi (Grumukhi) in which he forcefully put forward the aims and objectives of the Akali Dal.
He took an active part in national politics till his death on 22 November 1967.
-Ref. "Master Tara Singh, by Verinder Grover, Deep & Deep Publications Delhi, 1995.
|1944||All India Sikh Student Federation established in Lahore.|
|1981||Warrants were issed for Jarnail Singh Bhindrawalae n connection with Lala Jagat Narayan’s murder. The police went to Chando Kalan, a Haryana village, to arrest Jarnail Singh. However, he had already left that place. When Jarnail Singh could not be found, the police burnt the volume of Holy Scriptures of the Sikhs, three vehicles of Bhindranwala Jatha and various other articles of the School. A large number of Sikhs were arrested and beaten by the police. The next day the police sieged the headquarters of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwalae.|