Today in Sikh History : 1st July
|1745||Martyrdom day of Bhai Taru Singh Ji, in Lahore. Bhai Taru Singh left his mortal remains. On Harbhagat Naranjania’s complaint, Bhai Taru Singh of his village was arrested and accused of providing rations to the Sikhs. Bhai Taru Singh admitted the facts. Nawab Zakaria Khan ordered the removal of his scalp. Bhai Taru Singh said that the Governor would suffer as much torture. And Bhai Taru would take Zakaria Khan along with him to the other world.
The Nawab’s orders were carried out on June 27, 1745. The same day Zakaria Khan’s urinary system stopped functioning, puttiung him in great pain. The Qazi addressed Bhai Taru Singh Oh Kafir, what have you done? The Nawab can’t urinate. He is in great pain. Bhai Taru Singh told him to take his shoe and beat it on Zakaria’s head to make him urinate. On the fifth day of shoe beating, Zakaria Khan died on July 1, 1745. On hearing of that the same day Bhai Taru Singh left his mortal remains.
==> TARU SINGH – was a religious, Panth Saewak and hard working resident of village Pulla (district Lahore). Niranjania Mahant complained to Bahadhur Subalhor and falsely implicated him as sheltering thieves, gangsters, etc. As a result he was imprisoned and asked to accept islam. His refusal to accept Islam earned him the punsihment where his scalp (intact with his hairs) was removed from his head, while he peacefully recited Jap Sahib. Bhai Taru Singh accepted shahadet on 23 Assu, Sunmat 1802. His place of Shahadat is markaed near railway station of Lahore.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp.588)
|1918||Maharaja Ranjit Singh conquered Kashmir and combined it with Sikh State.|
|1983||By now Indian Government had given gallantry awards to over 50 policemen for killing Sikhs. This was done to boost the morale of the policemen as well as create terror among Sikhs.
-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119.
|1984||Regional Conference at Kamloops.
The attack on the Golden Temple by the Indian army struck the Sikh world like a thunderbolt. All shades of Canadian Sikhs came together at the desecration of the supreme emblem of their faith. Because of the shoratage of time, the Sikh institution’s executives decided to take the Canadian Sikhs into immediate confidence on the kind of action required. This was done by holding regional conferences at Kamloops and Toronto. The Kamloops conference was attended by representatives of all Sikh Societies from Western. While the Toronto Conference was attended by the socities of the eastern region. The Calgary Sikh Society, which was not on good terms with the federation, provided unqualified support for any action the Federation recommended.
Nelson A. Riss, the Members of parliament from Kamloops, addressed the conference and it was here that general J.S. Bhullar from India made the first appearence on the Canadian scene.
The Conference recommended: that the Federation will work to establish a Sikh homeland; that the damaged Akal Takhat should be left unrepaired to remind Sikhs of the desecration by Government of India, and the decision to carry repairs should be left to the Panth; that Canadian Sikhs boycott all functions of the Indian diplomatic missions; that media, especially ethnic media which published anti-Sikh material, should be warned suitably to desist from harming the Sikh community; and that a trust-fund be established to provide pensions to the next of kin of the martyrs.