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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History : 1st May


1st May


1635 Guru Hargobind arrived at Kiratpur.

Guru Hargobind arrived at Kiratpur. Within a period of one year, Guru Sahib had seen four attacks. He was not ready for an all out armed confrontation with the provincial authorities. Besides he had nothing to gain by permitting the Punjab Government to continue its military campaigns against the Sikhs faith. Therefore he continued his onward march and arrived at Kiratpur. Kiratpur is at the foot of Shivalik hills, comparatively inaccessible and outside the territorial jurisdiction of Punjab.

==> Guru HAR GOBIND PATSHAH (1595-1644) was born on Hadh 21 sunmat 1652 (June 14, 1595) to father Sri Guru Arjan Dev Patshah and mother Matta Ganga Ji, in village Vadhali. He received his religious education from Baba Budha Ji. Guru Sahib married three time:

  1. Damodari Ji, daughter of Dalha resident Narayan Das on Bhadho 12 sunmat 1661;
  2. Nanaki Ji, daughter of Bakala resident Hari Chand on Vaisakh 8 sunmat 1670;
  3. Mahadevi Ji, daughter of Mandiyala resident Daya Ram on Sawan 11 sunmat 1672.

Guru Sahib had five sons (Baba Gurditta Ji, Suraj Mal, Aani Rai, Atal Rai, and Guru Teg Bahadhur Ji) and one daughter (Bhiro). On Jaeth 29 sunmat 1663 (May 25 1606), while ascended to Guru Gadhi, Guru Har Gobind Patshah changed the previous tradition of wearing "Saeli toppi" (cap) and replaced it with wearing "Kalgi". At the same time, he started the tradition of wearing two swords of "Miri Piri". Observing the prevalent conditions of the nation at that time, Guru Sahib started teaching self-protection skills along with the religious preaching.

Guru Sahib,

in sunmat 1665, constructed the Takhat "Akal Bungha", in front of Sri Harmindar Sahib,
in sunmat 1669, established Sri Guru Arjan Dev Sahib’s Dehra in Lahore,
from sunmat 1670-71 flourished the forest region of Daroli, etc. by residing there,
in sunmat 1624, helped Mohan and Kalae in establishing Maehraj in Malwa,
in sunmat 1624, constructed the Kolsar sarowar in Amritsar,
in 1685, constructed "Bibaek Sar" for Bibaekae Sikhs.

When the Akbar’s policy of assimilation changed to Jahagir’s propaganda against the Sikhs, resulting in the martyrdom of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Patshah, Guru Har Gobind Patshah urged his followers to pick up weapons for their self-protection. He preached self-protection along with his religious message. Upon hearing this, Jahagir arrested and jailed Guru Sahib in Gawalior fort. However, instead of losing popularity, as expected by Jahagir, this action immensely increased the popularity and following of Guru Sahib. Many renowned muslims issued a call for Guru Sahib’s release. As a result, Jahagir not only released Guru Sahib but actively sought to establish some level of friendship. However, when Shahjahan came to power in sunmat 1685, the government policy went strongly against the Sikhs. As a result, Guru Sahib fought the following four wars with the mughal forces:

  1. Amritsar war with General Sukhlis Khan in sunmat 1685.
  2. Sri Gobindpur war with the ruler of Jallandar in sunmat 1687.
  3. War of Gurusar near Maehraj with General KamarBaeg in sunmat 1688. After this war, Guru Sahib blessed Phul with sovereign rule that subsequently emerged as the Patiala rule.
  4. Kartarpur war with Kalae Khan, Pandhae Khan, etc. in 1691. Subsequent to this war, Guru Sahib moved his resident to Kiratpur. However, Guru Sahib continued with his active propagation of Sikh faith. He traveled to Kashmir, PiliBheet, Baar, and Malwa and enlightened thousands on to the correct path. As a result many muslims came under the fold of Sikhs. He also encouraged Udasis to travel throughout the world to propagate Guru Nanak’s message.

Guru Sahib left this materialistic world for heavenly abode on Chaet 7 sunmat 1701 (March 3, 1644) after serving as the sixth Guru of GurSikhism for a total of 37 years, 10 months, and 7 days. Guru Sahib’s entire journey through this planet amounted to 48 years, 8 months, and 15 days. Guru Har Rai Patshah ascended to Guru Gadhi after Guru Har Gobind.
"Arjan Har Gobind Nu Simaro Sri Har Rai" (Chandhi 3)

-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)

1837 Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa fatally wounded in Jamraud battle.

Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa, the famous Commander of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was fatally wounded in the battle of Jamraud. He died of his wounds the following day.

==> Sardar HARI SINGH NALWA was born to father, Sardar Gurdayal Singh Uppal and mother, Mata Dharam Kaur at Gujrawala in 1781. Besides being a valiant soldier, Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa also served as Governor of Kashmir, Hjara, and Peshawar. He joined Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s forces in his early youth and established himself to be one of the most popular Khalsa generals. Among the Sirhadhi Pathans, his name brought immediate fear and respect. He is part of their folklore to this day. He won numerous wars for the Khalsa Panth and died, on Vaisakh 19 sunmat 1894, in the battle near Sirhadhi Jamraud. A place is established within Jamraud fort in remembrance of PanthRattan Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 267)

1924 5th Jatha of 500 Akalis, led by Sardar Utam Singh Samundari, started its march to Jaito from Sri Akal Takhat, Amritsar.

==> WHERE IS JAITO? A village under Nabha, which falls on the Bathinda-Ferozpur railway line. It is 96 miles from Lahore and 17 miles from Bathinda.

WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JAITO? On this place situated near a fort, is a historical Gurudwara of Guru Gobind Singh Patshah. Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the beautiful buildings of this Gurudwara. The sarowar is popularly known as "Gangsar". About a mile and a half north of Jaito is "Tibhi Sahib" Gurudwara, where Guru Gobind Singh Patshah used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurudwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Additionally, extensive financial resources are made available on an annual basis from the Nabha rulers and the surrounding villages. A maela celebration is held every 7th of Pooh month (Dec.-Jan.) and Katak (Oct.-Nov.) Puranmashi. Jaito’s markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds.

WHY AKALIS COURTED ARREST? The key issue involved was resoration of Maharaja Ripudaman Singh of Nabha. Maharaja of Nabha, well-known for his pro-Tat Khalsa Proclivities, had a dispute with Maharaja of Patiala, known for this pro-government role. Although Maharaja of Nabha had absolutely no dispute with the government, as a result of mediation, he was forced to abdicate in July 1923. Col. Michin, with the help of troops and armoured cars, took the Maharaja by surprise on July 8, 1923 and taunted him with the query, "Where is that Akali?" The news of deposition by the government raised a strom of protest against the Government’s interefernce in Nabha and was decsribed as a challenge to the Akali movement. As a result tensions mounted. The Akalis, in defiance of state orders, continued to hold diwan indefinitely. The Nabha police in order to arrest all the Akalis, including the one reading the holy Granth Sahib, was said to have disrupted the Akhand Path on Sept. 14, 1923. This dispute took such a tragic shape and got so inflames by Feb. 21, 1924 that several people lost their lives. After sixteen shaheedi jathas apart from one from Bengal and another from Canada, the agitation process was completed two years later, on August 6, 1925, after the concurrent bhog of 101 Akand Paaths.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh
"The Sikhs in History," by Sangat Singh, 1995

1982 Hindus kill Sikh Policeman.

The Hindus of Patiala took out a procession against the alleged sacrilege of a Hindu temple. The police was cordoning the procession. When the procession reached a Hindu dominated area, the Hindus started throwing stones at Sikh policemen. Two Sikh policemen were badly beaten by the Hindus. One of them, Harbhajan Singh, died because of his beating. Later, on May 6, the police declared that Harbhajan Singh had died in hospital and not instantaneously.

-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective by Dr.Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr.Awatar Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T.Kerr Page 110-119

1982 Dal Khalsa and National Council of Khalistan banned by the Indian Government.

Government banned the Dal Khalsa as an organisation. This ban was not imposed on any of the communal Hindu Organisations: Rashtrya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS), Hindu Suraksha Samiti (a self-defense Party or Committee), Bhartia Janata Party, Shiv Sena etc.

-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective by Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119

1985 Baba Joginder Singh formed a 9 member committee to run a united Akali Dal with Simranjit Singh Mann as Chairman.



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