Today in Sikh History :20th August
|1922||Babbar Akali Akhbar is brought out by Karam Singh.|
|1922||Babbars call to plunder treasuries through the Babbar Akali Doaba newpaper.|
==> BABBAR AKALI DOABA – newspaper was the organ of the Babbar Akalis and it effectively spread their message in the Doaba. In all 15 issues were released from Aug. 20, 1922 to May 21, 1923. Karam Singh of Daulatpur brought out its two issues, while the rest, except three, were the work of Jathedhar Kishan Singh Gargaj. Despite best efforts, no copies of this newspapers could be located. However, all available extracts can be traced to contemporary newspapers and the court records.
-Ref. Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey, by Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.
|1942||Protection of Sikh interests again came up in British mind. British, while preparing to leave Indian subcontinent were conscious of the fact that the Sikhs have a rightful claim to a Sikh State but did not want to create one. Mr. Amery, Secretary of State, in his letter to Viceroy linked the Sikh concern for a degree of autonomy sufficient to protect them from Muslim domination in the context of Pakistan scheme and sought to explore the various possibilities they suggest in advance of any further constitutional discussions. He came to the conclusion that a separate Sikhdom is really unworkable without extensive transfer of population, and wanted the reform department to work out contigency plans in complete secrecy.|
-Ref. The Sikhs in History, by Sangat Singh, 1995
|1944||All Party Sikh Conference passed resolution for the creation of an independent Sikh state.|
|1947||PEPSU established through a combination of eight regions.|
|1980||Harchand Singh Longowal was elected President of the Shiromani Akali Dal. gently spoken and mild-mannered, he was assisted by a well-informed and sharp-witted writer and political commentator, of exactly his own age, Rajinder Singh, Editor of Kuami Ekta. Harchand Singh Longowal had chosen him to be his team-mate as oen of the general secretaries of the party.|
-Ref. 1984 by Prof. Harbans Singh, The Sikh Review, v.42:6, No. 486, June 1994.
|1982||Sardar Manjit Singh alias Musibat Singh was killed at Rajasansi airport, Amritsar. He was shot at a point blank range by D.S.P. Bachan Singh when Manjeet Singh surrendered and came out of the plane. Subsequently, D.S.P. Bachan Singh with all the members of his family was killed except his daughter.|
|1982||Gurmit Singh’s nails pulled out and hands burnt by Indian Police.|
Gurmit Singh of the village Dhulkot (Ludhiana) was arrested on by the police. He was taken to Rahon (Jullundur) police station where the nails of his hands and feet were pulled out by the’ police and both hands burned over candles. When police failed to get any information from him, he was killed in a fake encounter.
Serving Sikh Sepoy Killed: Sital Singh of the 2nd Battalion Sikh Light Infantry of the village Malwa (Amritsar), who was suspected of stealing a sten gun to give to some extremists, was beaten up by Hindu army of- ficials on the orders from the Hindu Commanding Officer, Lt. Col. S.P. Chada. One pound of chilli powder was pushed into his rectum and was also put into his eyes. This was confirmed by the postmortem report. Later, the military authorities declared that he had been killed in a brawl by one of his colleagues. Another sepoy of the same Battalion, Bir Singh, was also tortured, but he survived the torture.
-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon. Edited By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119
|1985||Harchand Singh Longowal assasinated.|