Today in Sikh History : 21st February
|1849||2nd Anglo-Sikh war was fought at Gujrat. This was the last war between the Khalsa forces and the British that resulted in a severe defeat for Khalsa forces and triggered the annexation of the Khalsa Raj.|
|1915||Marked the revolt within India against British occupation. Sikhs played a major role in this revolt.|
|1921||Karam Singh of Daulatpur organised a politcal conference at Mehtapur.|
|1921||Sri Nankana Sahib’s keys and control was handed over to SGPC. The news of Nankana Massacre spread like wild fire. Within hours Sikhs from all everywhere marched on to Nanakana Sahib, despite the road blocks, re-routed trains and deployment of troops to cordon off the area. By the afternoon, 1000 Akalis and some members of the SGPC confronted the Deputy Commissioner and were resolved to advance on the Gurudwara or be shot by the troops. Bhai Kartar Singh Jabbar with a Jatha of 2200 entered the Gurudwara Janam Asthan, Shri Nankana Sahib defying Deputy Commissioner’s orders. The show of force at this time retrieved the Sikh prestige. The commissioner of Lahore, M. C.M. King yielded and asked Bhai Kartar Singh Jhabbar and Sardar Mehtab Singh to form a committee of seven members which immediately took control of the Gurudwara under the Presidentship of S. Harbans Singh of Attari, a moderate Chief Khalsa Diwan leader. He took over in the name of SGPC. The troops and the police were withdrawn. -Ref "The Sikhs in History," by Sangat Singh, 1995 "Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey," by Dr. Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.
The Nankana tradegy had drawn the line. The Punjab government was on the side of the Mahants where as Sikh masses and the Akali leadership drew sustenance from national forces. The Government, calculatingly, followed a new policy. It tried to supress the extremists and weaken teh akali agitation by offereing many baits. Such circumstances led to a long struggle known as the Akali movement, which in turn prepared the ground for the genesis of violent movement consisting of those Akalis who were militant and non-cooperators. It came to be known as the Babbar Akali Movement.
|1924||Shaheedi Saka Gangsar Jaito – when the agitation of Jaito took a serious turn. Under the orders of Nabha State Authorities, Punjab, police opened fire to prevent the march of the Sikh devotees to their holy shrine at Jaito – Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib. More than 400 died on the spot, yet many valiant Sikhs continued their undeterred march and successfully reached the holy shrine. AMongb the dead included Sikh, Hindu and Muslim Indian as well as "goraa" policemen on the pay of British. Over 1,500 Sikhs were arrested and imprisoned during this incident. (see description below on jaito).
==> WHERE IS JAITO?
WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JAITO?
WHY AKALIS COURTED ARREST?
==> NANAKANA SAHIB: also known as "Nanakiyana", is the residence of Guru Nanak Dev Patshah. It is 48 miles south of Lahore in Saekhuyana district and was known as Raipur. Later, its name changed to "Talwandi RaiBhoe Di" and subsequently to Nanakiyana. In sunmat 1526, Guru Nanak Patshah’s prakash initially appeared at this place. The prakash place is marked with a beautiful Gurudwara that accompanies Guru’s place of residence. This Gurudwara has extensive jagir associated with it.
Other Gurudwaras nearby include:
-Ref. Mahan Kosh.