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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History – 22nd November


22nd November


1664 Guru Tegh Bahadhur Ji visited Sri Amrisar. About a month after his installation as the Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadhur decided to visit Amritsar and pay homage at Sri Harmandir Sahib. Since Guru Hargobind’s departure from Amritsar to Kiratpur in 1635 no other Guru had visited Harmandir Sahib. The custody of the shrine had fallen in the hands of Minas, Prithi Chand’s descendants, who were staunch enemies of the Sikh Gurus and their families. On hearing of the arrival of Guru Tegh Bahadhur in Amritsar, the occupants closed the doors of the shrine and refused to admit the Guru and his party into the Gurudwara. Guru Tegh bahadhur with his followers camped under a tree only a few meters to the north of Akal Takhat. This place was later known as Thara Sahib abd a gurudwara was built at the site. A Few days later, on the full moon light, Makhan Shah and his men, who had accompanied the Guru to Amritsar, managed to get admittance into Harmandir Sahib. Guru Tegh Bahadhur went in and offered his prayers.

-Ref. "The Sikh Religion and The Sikh People," by Dr. S.S. Kapor, Hemkunt Press, New Delhi, 1992

An enterprising Mina obtained Guru Sahib’s nishan, signature, on a sheet of paper and later pasted it on the coverage of the Mina Granth to give it credibility.

1664 Guru Tegh Bahadhur reached Amritsar. The Minas locked the doors of Harimandir Sahib fearing that Guru Sahib had reverted to the place to take it over. Guru Sahib spent the night by the side of Sri Akal Takhat where a shrine now stands. However, he was not allowed to visits Harimandir Sahib by the Masands there and subsequently turned away.
1693 Aurangzeb issued orders that read: "News from Sirhind, Gobind declares himself to be Guru Nanak. Faujdars ordered to prevent him from assembling his forces." When these orders did not produce much effect, "a general order was issued for their massacre."
1818 Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s forces conquered Peshwar.
1840 Co-regency of Chand Kaur and Sher Singh formed.
1848 Anglo-Sikh war was fought at Ram Nagar, Gujranwala
1953 Indian regime announced formation of State Organization Commission. All the Hindu members were fanatic and anti-Sikh Hindus.

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