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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History – 23rd September


23rd September


???? The utterance day of Chaopi, Patshahi Tenth, at Nawa Nangal. (NOTE:- Date and description sought on this event).
1637 Bhai Gurdas, the great Sikh Scholar and Poet, passed away. Bhai Gurdas was one of the true Sikhs, a true saewak, and an example for the Panth. Bhai Gurdas enjoys a prominent place in Sikh history and Sikh faith. His writings (Vara) have been accorded the status of key to Guru Granth Sahib by Guru Arjun Dev Ji. He also enjoyed the pleasure of composing Sri Guru Granth Sahib under the guidance of Guru Arjun Dev Ji. Bhai Gurdas’s writings enjoys such a prominent status in Sikh world that no kirtan is considered complete without reciting either one of his writings or those of Bhai Nanad Lal. Despite such prominence, Bhai Gurdas requested Sri Guru Hargobind Ji to disallow the establishment of any place of remembrance for him.

==> BHAI GURDAS: was a true GurSikh, who was a close brother of Bibi Bhani Ji. He adopted the Sikh faith from Fourth Patshah, Sri Guru Ram Das Ji, in 1636 and learned the essence of GurSikhism from the Fifth Patshah, Sri Guru Arjun Dev Ji. Bhai Gurdas eventually became a full-fledged GurSikh preacher and effectively propagated the GurSikhism tenants. He preached concentrated in Lahore, Agra, Kanshi and surrounding region.

The very first copy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib commissioned by Guru Arjun Dev Patshah was hand scribed by Bhai Gurdas. Bhai Sahib’s own writings, 40 Vara and 556 Kabit, represents a wealth of knowledge about and a detailed exposition of GurSikhism principles. Bhai Sahib’s writings represent the most detailed Rehatmana on GurSikhism. In Guru Arjun Patshah’s own word, study of Bhai Sahib’s writings is a source of Sikhi. Bhai Sahib’s writings are widely acknowledged as the THE KEY to unlocking the treasures and understanding the message of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Therefore detailed study of Bhai Sahib’s writings is considered a mandatory pre-requisite for any study of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Further, Bhai Gurdas Ji’s writings are blessed with the unique honor of mandatory recitation during every diwan. This honor was bestowed by Sri Guru Arjun Dev Patshah. According to the Sikh Rehat Maryada, Bhai Sahib’s writing are among the Banis accepted for recitation outside of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Others with similar honor include the Bani of Dassam Granth and the writings of Bhai Nand Lal Ji.

Bhai Gurdas Ji passed away on Bhado Sudhi 8, sunmat 1694 at Goindwal Sahib, during Sixth Patshah, Sri Guru Har Gobind’s period. Guru Sahib personally conducted the last rights and the cremation of Bhai Gurudas Ji’s body.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 416)

1923 63 Babbars are charged.



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