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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History :24th February

24th February

1922

through Feb. 26, a diwan is held at Ghurial on the concluding day of 101 Akhand Paths.

1929

An All Party Conference was organized at Sri Akal Takhat, Amritsar for released of Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala.

==> Sardar SEWA SINGH THIKRIWALA (1878-1935): Political activities in PEPSU (Patiala and East Punjab States Union) centered around economic and social but certainly not on religious considerations. The problem of antagonistic relations between the landlords and tenants was so enormous that it almost defied a solution. The biggest issue, absentee land-lordism in PEPSU, made the struggle between “Haves” and “Have nots” more bitter and even violent. All important posts were exclusively reserved for a few families that were near and dear to the Maharaja.

After the settlement of disputes over the Gurudwaras, the Akalis from the states began to agitate against the autocratic misuse of power by the maharajas, chiefly Bhupendra Singh of Patiala. Sardar Sewa Singh Thikriwala was the leader of this agitation. Therefore, Maharaja Bhupendra Singh retaliated by having him arrested on a false charge of theft and transferred from Lahore jail to Patiala. Akalis took up the case of Thikriwala and let loose a campaign publicizing Bhupendra Singh’s amorous escapades and the sadistic behavior of his police. Though Maharaja was able to win over a section of the Akalis, he could not silence the Punjabi and Urdu press. The pro-Patiala group was led by Giani Sher Singh and Jaswant Singh Jhabal. They condemned the Akali agitation against Bhupendra Singh as a murderous war against a brother.

In 1928, Akalis from the states joined with Hindu nationalists and founded the Praja Mandal (States People’s Association). The mandal was later affiliated to the All India States People’s Congress, which in turn was associated with the Indian National Congress. Sewa Singh Thikriwala was the moving spirit behind the Association. He was arrested several times and in 1935 succumbed to third degree torture by the Maharaja’s Jailers. As a result of the murder of Thikriwala, the anti-Maharaja, anti-British movement gained momentum in all princely states of the Punjab.

-Ref. The Illustrated History of the Sikhs (1947-78), by Gur Rattan Pal Singh.

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