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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History :29th October

29th October

**** Janam Baba Nand Singh Ji Kalaera walae
1921 SGPC asked the Sarbrah of the Golden Temple to hand over the keys to its President. Instead, the Deputy commissioner of Amritsar seized them to forestall the SGPC’s decision. This led to the popular agitation known as the "Key’s affair".
1922 GurSikhs arrested during Guru Kae Bagh morcha were moved from Amritsar to Attock jail.

==> GURU KA BAGH gurudwara was under the control of Mahant Sundar Dass. He had agreed to serve under a committee of eleven members appointed by the SGPC on August 23, 1921, but the land remained under his possession. The Sikhs used to hew wood from the land for common kitchen and Mahant, under instigation from others, lodged a complaint against the Akalis. The government was on the outlook for opportunities to retrieve its prestige, lost in the Key’s affait. On Aug. 9, 1922, five Akali Sewadars were arrested for cutting wood for Guru Ka Langar from Guru Ka Bagh. Subsequently a morcha was launched to seek the release of the five GurSikhs.

From Aug. 23 until Sept. 13, the government sided with the Mahant and ruthelessly lathi-charged the visiting Jathas. The violent use of force on the non-violent Akalis had great impact in and outside the Punjab. The Government brutality was condemned. The police beat the Akalis with iron-tipped rods and batons, till blodd began to flow and the brave GurSikhs fell unconcious. The insults heaped up on the Akalis were unbearable. They were given inhuman punishments and their religious symbols were desecrated and hair pulled out. The effect of all this on thousands of GurSikhs was tremendous, resulting in deep seated hatred against the British rulers and the Sikhs lost all faith in non-violence. The Babbar Akali movement took its final shape during this Morcha. The courage and persistent of Sikhs became world renouned during this period. From Sept. 13 until Nov. 17, Sikhs courted arrests. Finally, the government gave in and on Nov. 17, 1922, all Sikh demands were accepted and the agitation was successfully concluded. During this agitation 5605 Sikhs courted arrest including 35 members of the SGPC, over a dozen Sikhs accepted shahidi and thousands were injured.

-Ref. "Babbar Akali Movement, A Historical Survey," by Gurcharan Singh, Aman Publications, 1993.

1977 Prof. Sahib Singh, an eminent scholar of GurSikhism passed away.

==> Prof. SAHIB SINGH, a Sikh savant, teacher, writer, and interpreter of Guru Granth Sahib was born on 16 February, 1892 at village Fatewalli (now disctrict Sialkot in Pakistan) in a poor Hindu family. His name at birth was Nathu Ram. His father’s name was Mr. Hira Nand who was a small shopkeeper in the village. At the age of four and a half years, his father sent him to Mr. Mian Hayat Shah to receive his early education. Mian Hayat Shah was the son of Hashim Shah, a well known Punjabi poet who was also the court poet of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Later the boy Nathu Shah went to the priamry school. He was an excellent student. He won scholarship when he finished middle school. He got married when he was hardly 13. He became a baptised Sikh under the influence of his relative and became Sahib Singh in September 1906. He finished his high school in 1909. After finishing his high school, he taught in a middle school for some time and later he worked for the post office. A little later he joined college and got his B.A. degree in 1915. He became a professor of Sanskrit and Gurbani at Guru Nanak Khalsa College Gujranwalla. Later he became a professor of Gurbani at Khalsa College Amritsar where he taught for more than 20 years.

Prof. Sahib Singh became a deputy secretary of Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and was arrested in 1922 during Guru Ka Bagh Morcha. He was again arrested in 1923 during the Jaito Morcha.

In 1939, he rejoined Guru Nanak Khalsa College Gujranwalla. After retirement from that college, he rejoined Khalsa College Amritsar where he taught Punjabi and Gurbani. He got retirement from that college in 1952. He was appointed Principal of Shahid Sikh Missionary Collge, Amritsar. Later he also taught at Gurmat College Patiala.

In January 1971 he was awarded D. Litt. degree by Punjabi University Patiala.

Professor Sahib Singh had eight children: six sons and two daughters. One of his sons Sardar Daljeet Singh is a world famous eye surgeon. It is interesting to note that five of his six sons got married to five real sisters of a family in Jammu.

Prof. Sahib Singh developed Parkinson disease soon after he finished the last volume of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Darpan. He started writing that Darpan (Steek) on January 1, 1957 and finished the last volume in 1961. He approached SGPC and asked them to get Sri Guru Granth Sahib printed because he had no money. His request was denied. That project was picked up by Mr. Sohan Lal Khanna of Raj Publishers, Jalandhar and has been in great demand ever since. His Steek of Guru Granth Sahib is widely read and appreciated today by the Sikh scholars, preachers, and students of gurbani. It is a monumental work and considered one of the most authoritative interpretation of Gurbani. It explains many complex concepts and terms of Gurbani in simple Punjabi.

His other very important book "Gurbani Viakarn" (Gurbani Grammar) is also a milestone in explaining the language of Guru Granth Sahib.

Professor Sahib Singh wrote 30 books. Almost all of them are in Punjabi. A couple of them have been translated into English and Hindi. He died on October 29, 1977. It was the day of 400th anniversary of the city of Amritsar. He was a very simple man who saw utmost poverty in his early life. He was a Sikh scholar of the highest order.

He wrote the following books:
1. Gurbani Viakarn
2. Simran Dian Barkata(n)
3. Aad Bir Bare
4. Sadacharak Lekh
5. Sarbat Da Bhala
6. Dharam Te Sadachar
7. Burayee Da Takra
8. Sikh(u) Sidak Na Hare
9. Gurbani De Itihas Bare
10. Babania(n) Kahani(an)
11. Jiwan Birtant Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji
12. Guru Itihas Patshahi 2 to(n) 10
13. Jiwan Birtant Guru Gobind Singh Ji
14. Japuji Sahib Steek
15. Assa Di Vaar Steek
16. Sukhmani Sahib Steek
17. Jap(u) Sahib, Savvaye, Chuapyee Steek
18. Nitnem Steek
19. Ramkali Sad Steek
20. Bhatta(n) De Savvaye Steek
21. Satte Balwand Di Var Steek
22. Sidh Gost(i) Steek
23. Salok Guru Angad Sahib Steek
24. Salok Te Shabad Farid Ji Steek
25. Salok Kabir Ji Steek
26. Bhagat-Bani Steek (Five Volumes)
27. Barahmah Tukhari te Majh Steek
28. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Darpan (Ten Volumes)
29. Meri Jiwan Kahani (Autobiography)
30. Japuji Sahib Steek (Hindi)

-Ref. "Meri Jiwan Kahani" by Prof. Sahib Singh

1982 The occasion of the anniversary of the birth of Guru Nanak Sahib, a Sikh procession at Jullundur was attacked with a grenade by Hindus. The bomb wounded 10 Sikhs, four of them seriously. At that time there were 40 battalions of the C.R.P. but no action was taken because those who were accused were Hindus.

-Ref. THE SIKHS’ STRUGGLE FOR SOVEREIGNTY, An Historical Perspective By Dr. Harjinder Singh Dilgeer and Dr. Awatar Singh Sekhon By: A.T. Kerr Page 110-119


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