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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History :30th March

30th March


Patshahi Eighth, Guru Harkrishan Ji, left this planet for heavenly abode from Delhi. He was eight years of age, when he took over on himself the sufferings and sins of the people of Delhi. As a result, he left for heavenly abode. Today is the actual date of joti joot, though it is observed differently by Guru Khalsa Panth.

==> Guru HAR KRISHAN Patshah (1656-1668), was born on monday, Sawan 8 sunmat 1713 (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur, to father Sri Guru Har Rai Patshah and mother Matta Krishan Kaur. On Katak 8 sunmat 1718 (Oct. 7 1661), Guru Sahib ascended to Gur Gadhi. Based on the complaints of Baba Ram Rai, Guru Sahib were summoned to Aurangzeb’s court in Delhi. While in Delhi, Guru Sahib suffered from small pox (Chaechak) and subsequently left for heavenly abode on Vaisak 3 sunmat 1721 (March 30, 1664). Two historical Gurudwaras marking Guru Sahib’s visit to Delhi include Balla Sahib and Bangla Sahib.

Guru Har Krishan, served as the eighth Guru of GurSikhism for a total of 2 years, 5 months and 26 days. Guru Sahibs’s entire journey through our planet totaled to 7 years, 8 months, and 26 days.
“Sri Har Krishan Dayia Jit Ditha Sab Dukh Jae” (Chandhi 3)
-Ref. Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)


On Baisakhi, the Sikhs resolved through Gurmata, to construct a mud fort at Amritsar. The fort was being constructed to resist muslim invasions. The boundary walls were erected by the Dal Khalsa, under the supervision of DharamVeer Jassa Singh Tokha. In a short time, a fort was constructed that was initial called “Ram Rauni”, named after our fourth Patshah, Sri Guru Ram Das. Later it was rebuilt in 1754 and named “Ramgarh” by Jassa Singh Tokha. As a result Jassa Singh Tokha came to be known as Jassa Singh Ramgarhia and his misl as Ramgarhia mils.

==> JASSA SINGH RAMGARIHA, son of Giani Bhagwan Singh of Saedbaegh village, Lahore. He was an accomplished scholar of weaponry and an effortfull individual. He together with Nand Singh Sanghani constructed the “Ram Rahuni” from scratch. When the Adinabaeg general blew up the Ram Rahuni, Jassa Singh re-erected it and named it “Ram Gadh”. Henceforth, he came to be known as Jassa Singh Ramgarihia. And his group also was popularly known as Ramgarihias. Just like other Sikh misls, the Ramgarihia misl established its rule and served the GurSikh Panth.

Jassa Singh conquered DinaNagar, Batala, KalaNaur, Sri Gobindpur, Kadia, Ghumaan, etc. cities and parts of Doaba. He was particularly popular for raging wars to rescue brahmin girls from the Hissar rulers and return them to their respective homes. Jassa Singh Ramgarihia was a practicing Gurbani enthusiast, partaker of food only after serving others, and a brave warrior. He took part in the Khalsa battles against Ahmed Shah Duranni.

Jassa Singh Ramgarihia died in 1802. His son Jodh Singh joined with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1808. The Ramgarihia bunga at Amritsar, erected in remembrance of Jassa Singh Ramgarihia, is popular even today.
-Ref. Mahan Kosh


Bhai Sahib Randhir Singh Ji was sentenced to life imprisonment.


A meeting of Sikh intelligentsia was held. This was a direct result of stirrings in the community from the general feeling of betrayal by the government. Sardar Gajjan Singh, a prominent leader of Ludhiana, and one of the two Sikh representatives in the Punjab Legislative Council, presided. It was decided to establish the Central Sikh league as a purely political organisation.


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