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Sikh History Timeline

Today in Sikh History :6th August


6th August


1923 Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) resolved to launch Nabha Agitation at Jaito.

==> WHERE IS JAITO? A village under Nabha, which falls on the Bathinda-Ferozpur railway line. It is 96 miles from Lahore and 17 miles from Bathinda.

WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JAITO? On this place situated near a fort, is a historical Gurudwara of Guru Gobind Singh Patshah. Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the beautiful buildings of this Gurudwara. The sarowar is popularly known as "Gangsar". About a mile and a half north of Jaito is "Tibhi Sahib" Gurudwara, where Guru Gobind Singh Patshah used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurudwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Additionally, extensive financial resources are made available on an annual basis from the Nabha rulers and the surrounding villages. A maela celebration is held every 7th of Pooh month (Dec.-Jan.) and Katak (Oct.-Nov.) Puranmashi. Jaito’s markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds.

WHY AKALIS COURTED ARREST? The key issue involved was resoration of Maharaja Ripudaman Singh of Nabha. Maharaja of Nabha, well-known for his pro-Tat Khalsa Proclivities, had a dispute with Maharaja of Patiala, known for this pro-government role. Although Maharaja of Nabha had absolutely no dispute with the government, as a result of mediation, he was forced to abdicate in July 1923. Col. Michin, with the help of troops and armoured cars, took the Maharaja by surprise on July 8, 1923 and taunted him with the query, "Where is that Akali?" The news of deposition by the government raised a strom of protest against the Government’s interefernce in Nabha and was decsribed as a challenge to the Akali movement. As a result tensions mounted. The Akalis, in defiance of state orders, continued to hold diwan indefinitely. The Nabha police in order to arrest all the Akalis, including the one reading the holy Granth Sahib, was said to have disrupted the Akhand Path on Sept. 14, 1923. This dispute took such a tragic shape and got so inflames by Feb. 21, 1924 that several people lost their lives. After sixteen shaheedi jathas apart from one from Bengal and another from Canada, the agitation process was completed two years later, on August 6, 1925, after the concurrent bhog of 101 Akand Paaths.

-Ref. Mahan Kosh
"The Sikhs in History," by Sangat Singh, 1995.

1925 The Nabha agitation at Jaito was successfully concluded after performing 101 akhand path as a sort of penance for disruption of one akhand path two years earlier.
1947 Sikhs meet with British government regarding Vatican status for Nankana Sahib and other Gurudwaras.
1978 Dal Khalsa came into being at Gurdwara Akal-garh, Sector 35, Chandigarh. A large number of Sikh Youth Organisations participated in this meeting and discussed the affairs of the Panth. They decided to form an organisation in the name of "Dal Khalsa." Among the founders of the Dal Khalsa were :-

Kapur Singh,
Harsimran Singh,
Harjinder Singh Dilgeer,
Jaswant Singh,
Manmohan Singh,
Satnam Singh,
Satnam Singh Chandigarh,
Gurprit Singh,
Rupinder Singh Nagari,
Harinder Singh Mohali and
Mohinder Singh of Delhi.

According to this organization, the Sikhs in India are half-free and half-slaves and their salvation lies in getting an Indepdendent Sikh State. The Dal Khalsa proposed to contest the SGPC Elections to be held in March, 1979. It declaredly adopted the slogan of "Khalistan" and proclaimed that the Dal Khalsa stood for a sovereign Sikh State, not within the Union of India. The Indian Government tried to defame the Dal Khalsa by calling it an associate of Zail. In fact, the only person who had acquaintance with any Congress leader was Gajinder Singh, who later hijacked Indian Airliner to Lahore in 1981. He was not a founder Mukh Panchs (Member of Presidium).

1983 Amrik Singh and Baba Thara Singh were released. They were arrested on July 18, 1982. Jarnail Singh Bhindrawalae had organized a morcha for their release.



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