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Learn Punjabi

The Punjabi Pronounciations

Pronunciation of Gurmukhee alphabet

What is the alphabet? Alphabet is a set of written symbols, each representing a given sound or sounds, which can be variously combined to form all the words of a language.

An alphabet is a collection of letters. Letters are like bricks. We can construct the building of the language by these bricks. We are going to learn Punjabi language. We use the ‘Gurmukhee’ script to write Punjabi language. So, lets start with the ‘Gurmukhee’ script.

Gurmukhee alphabet

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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Oorhaa’ To be pronounced only with ‘Aunkarh’ and ‘Dulainkarh’.
‘Airhaa’ ‘a’
‘Eerhee’ To be pronounced with ‘Sihaaree’ and ‘Bihaaree’.
‘Sassa’ (s+ssa) As ‘s’ in ‘school’ or ‘sir’.
‘Haahaa’ (haa+haa) As ‘h’ in ‘here’ or ‘home’.
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Kakkaa’ As ‘ch’ in ‘school’ and ‘chemists’.
‘Khakhkhaa’
‘Gaggaa’ As ‘g’ in ‘google’.
‘Ghaghgha’ As ‘gh’ in ‘singh’.
‘Ynaynaa’ No sound in English
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Chachchaa’ As ‘tch’ in ‘itch’.
‘Chhachhchhaa’
‘Jajjaa’ As ‘j’ in ‘jail’.
‘Jhajhjha’
‘0000’ No sound in English
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Tainkaa’ As ‘t’ in ‘it’ and ‘bit’.
‘Thhathhthhaa’
‘Daddaa’ As ‘d’ in ‘daily’
‘Dhhadhhdhha’
N*AAN*AA’ No sound in Englsih
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
Tattaa’
‘Thaththhaa’ As ‘th’ in ‘thermal’
Daddaa’ As ‘th’ in ‘the’
‘Dhadhdhha’
‘Nanna’ As ‘n’ in ‘no’.
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Pappaa’ As ‘p’ in ‘pure’ or ‘police’.
‘Phaphphaa’
‘Babbaa’ As ‘b’ in ‘boy’.
‘Bhabhbha’
‘Mamma’ As ‘m’ in ‘man’.
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Yayyaa’ As ‘y’ in ‘yes’ or ‘yellow’.
‘Raaraa’ As ‘r’ in ‘run’.
‘Lallaa’ As ‘l’ in ‘school’.
‘Vaavaa’ As ‘v’ in ‘very’.
‘Rhaarhaa’ No sound in English
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Letter Name of the letter Pronunciation
‘Shashaa’ As ‘sh’ in ‘shall’.
Khakhaa’
Gaggaa’
‘Faaffaa’ As ‘f’ in ‘future’.
‘Zaazzaa’ As ‘s’ in ‘please’.

courtesy: Amrit Pal Singh ‘Amrit’

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