Emblem: iron crutch and gourd of life-preserving medicine
Han Xiangu (Han Xiangzi) [Han Hsien-ku (Han Hsiang-tzu)]
Emblem: flower basket
Represents: cultured class
Lan Zaihe [Lan Tsai-ho]
He Xiangu [Ho Hsien-ku]
Represents: unmarried girls
Philosophical History of Lao Tse
Lao Tsewas born in 604 B.C.E. in Honan. He was named Li Er [Li Erh], and held a post as keeper of records at Loyang, then the Zhou dynasty capital. Legend says he had a meeting with Confucius. When Zhou dynasty was near its fall at around 500 B.C.E., Lao Tserode on a water buffalo to retire in the mountains to a State in the western frontiers. An official named Guan Yin Zi who was in charge of the Pass begged the sage for a book of his teachings, and Lao Tsethen wrote the Dao De Jing. After which Lao Tsewent westward and was never seen again.
Religious History of Lao Tse
Lao Tsewas born in 1321 B.C.E. from his mother’s left side after a confinement lasting eighty years. He was born with snowy hair and a long white beard. Considered a reincarnation of a supreme celestial being.
The Major Sects of Taoism
Religious Taoism (In China)
Heavenly (Celestial) Masters
Mount Mao (Mao Shan [Mao-shan])
Sacred Treasure (Ling Bao [Ling-pao])
Completely Real (Chuan Zhen [Ch’uan-chen])
Dao (literal: Path or Way) is what Taoism is all about. Following Dao is following the way of Taoism. This way is discussed in the Dao De Jing, which elaborates on Yin and Yang, Wu Wei, Governing, the Three Jewels, and others.
Yin and Yang
In Taoism, Yin and Yang are negative and positive principles of the universe. One cannot exist without the other, and they often represent opposites in relations to each other. As you have more and more Yang, eventually, Yin will appear and replace this increase. Similarly in the opposite direction, Yang will appear to replace the increase in Yin.
The Yin Yang symbol (circle with black and white sections) depicts this clearly. As you travel around the circle, white or black will increase, until the opposite color is almost gone, but never totally gone. The cycle then repeats for the opposite color.
What seems like Yin is often supported by Yang, and vice-versa. As an example, to truly know good, you must know what evil is, and without good as a comparison, nothing is evil. Thus, while keeping to one end, do not shun the opposite end, but embrace both as they are. Allowing Yin to flourish, you welcome Yang. By letting go of Yin, you are waiting for its return. As an example, before you can possess something, you must be willing to let it go.
Yin and Yang often represent the following opposites.
Wu Wei (literal: without action) is one of the main concepts from Taoism. It means to do things such that it does not seem like you are taking the effort of doing them. A close analogy would be following the natural flow of nature. By applying Wu Wei, one is closely following the way.
In Taoism, the government should follow the way in governing the people as well. Specific chapters in the Dao De Jing describes the ideal way of governing people. They can be summarized in these key points.
Do not emphasize status, intelligence, or possessions.
Govern with least visibility and with a serving attitude.
Reduce laws and govern lightly.
Take few actions that involve the people.
Treat other countries non-aggressively.
There are three jewels (characteristics) that Daoists should cherish as mentioned in Dao De Jing chapter 67. They are.
World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.
SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan .
Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.